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Echoes of Oregon History Learning Guide


Certificate for Boarding a Lunatic, 1845

Document No. 6335 - Enlarge image

Arms Inventory, 1855

Transcript of original document:
Money value of issues of Arms, &c to the Territory of Oregon, on account of its quota due from the General Government.-

226 Muskets complete, Percussion, @$13.00 2,938.00
150 Rifles, Percussion, @$13.25 1,987.50
3 Pistols, Colt's Repeating, @$24.00 72.00
2 Swords, N.C. Officer's, @$5.50 11.00
236 Inf. Cartridge Boxes, @$1.10 259.60
160 " Cartridge-box Plates, @10c 16.00
236 " Cartridge-box Belts, @69c 162.84
236 " Cartidge-box belt Plates, @10c 23.60
236 " Waist-Belts, @25c 59.00
236 " Waist-belt Plates, @10c 23.60
236 Bayonet Scabbards with frogs, @56c 132.16
386 Cap Pouches & Picks, @40c 154.40
386 Gun slings, @16c 61.76 383 Wipers, @20c 76.60 386 Screw-drivers, @46c 177.56
37 Ball Screws, @12c 4.44
37 Spring vices, @35c 12.95
150 Rifle Cartridge Boxes, @95c 142.50
150 " Cartridge-box Plates @10c 15.00
150 " Waist Belts, @37c 55.50
150 " Waist-belt Plates, @10c 15.00
15 " Bullet Moulds, @50c 7.50
3 Powder Flasks for Colts' Pistols, @$1.25 3.75
2. N.C. Officers' Sword Belts, @62c 1.24 2 " " "
Sword-belt Plates, @10c .20
17,000 Musket-Buck & Ball Cartridges, @1c 170.00
30,000 Rifle Ball Cartridges, @1c 300.00
20,000 Percussion Caps for Small Arms, @$1.20 24.00
3 lbs Bullets for Colts' Pistols, @8c .24
150 Extra cones, @9c 13.50
12 Arm Chests, @$2.00 24.00
42 Ammunition Packing Boxes @75c 31.50
Total value $6,976.94

Equal to
537 Muskets and appendages, @$13.00

Background
Before Oregon became a territory in 1849, volunteers and merchants furnished the money and supplies for war with the Indians. After 1849, the federal government issued arms and equipment to Oregon. This list of weapons provides a detailed view of mid-nineteenth century weaponry. Firearms listed were fired by means of percussion caps; Colt's repeating pistols were a relatively new invention; officers carried swords; and muskets were still in use..

For Further Discussion
1. Why would the U.S. government ship the supplies on this list to Oregon?
2. How large a group of soldiers could be outfitted from the supplies on this list? What would each man receive?
3. What types of aid does the federal government send to states today?


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