You're in the Army now
were given tests to determine their skills. Put
yourself to the test. Nine of the ten tests include instructions.
Test 1 does
not. If you can figure it out,
you deserve extra credit. Test 2 requires a partner. Answers are
View the examination (10 page PDF).
The testing begins
Once a person was inducted into the Army, testing inevitably
followed. Officials wanted to determine how to effectively use each soldier's
knowledge, skills, and abilities. One examination included 10 test sections
covering shapes, number sequences, word order, arithmetic story problems,
current events and general knowledge, opposite words, common sense, number
patterns, logic, and numerical sizes. Many of the test questions were
very appropriate for the war service. The following are some examples:
A certain division contains 3,000 artillery, 15,000 infantry, and
1,000 cavalry. If each branch is expanded proportionately until there
are in all 20,900 men, how many will be added to the artillery? (Answer:
first class batter now averages around .300, .900, .600, .100 (Answer:
In baseball good batters averaged around .300 or three hits in every
10 at bats.)
bushes trees roots have and their air the in (straighten out this
sentence and tell if true or false. Answer: Trees and bushes have their
roots in the air - False)
innuendo - insinuation: Are these words the same or opposite? (Answer:
Why is a telephone more useful than a telegraph? Because... a.)
it gets a quicker answer; b.) it uses more miles of wire; c.) it
is a more recent invention; d.) telephone wires can be put under
ground. (Answer: a.) it gets a quicker answer.)
Carl Jones trained in Vancouver. (OSA)
The stateside daily routine
Carl W. Jones of Brookings volunteered for the Army soon after
the United States declared war in April 1917. He was assigned to Company
B of the 4th U.S. Engineers based just across the Columbia River at the
Vancouver Barracks in Washington State. Near the end of a summer of training,
a typical day:
5:45 AM - Get up and dress.
6:00 AM - Reveille [or roll call]. Dismissed. Sweep
and clean around cot, wash up, and ready for mess.
ca. 6:30 AM - Mess [breakfast]. Afterwards police
[clean up] around quarters.
7:00 AM - Drill call. Some mornings have 30 minutes
8:00-11:30 AM and 1-3 PM - Engineering school and
drill, building trenches, barbed wire entanglements, obstacles, and
all types of bridges. Also learn map reproducing, scouting, wig wag,
and semaphore signals.
Morning exercise was common in the training camps. (Image
3 PM - Infantry drill. Certain days have practice
hikes with increasing mileage and weight.
4 PM - Shower. Change clothes.
5 PM - Mess [dinner].
5:20 PM - Retreat [evening roll call]. After roll
is called and all orders are repeated by the first sergeant, salute
flag while "Star Spangled Banner" or "Colors" is played.
ca. 6 PM - Dismissed.
The larger routine
Jones went on to describe other routines at his Vancouver
Barracks in a letter:
September 30, 1917
A few words from one of the Curry County
boys, who enlisted on May 12.
is weekly inspection. We line up in a battalion formation
major looks us over.
If we do not have our rifles and clothes clean and
shoes polished we get extra Sunday kitchen police. After
out we line up at the foot of our cots, all our articles
are laid out on our cots, the major looking over
all things to see if they are placed right.
If we are not on guard duty we have Saturday
afternoon and Sunday to ourselves.
Each company of engineers has forty horses
and eight pack mules for scouting and advance work. At
present two soldiers and myself are detailed to shoe and
take care of the horses' feet.
There are two barracks, mess house and a
rear for each company, with enough room in between each
cot to walk in and out.
When we do any reading, writing or studying
we go to the Y.M.C.A. [Young Men's Christian Association],
which has a course in French, which will be followed by
three times a week. Some evenings we have speakers from
all over. Billy Sunday was here one day. The Home Guard
girls of Portland have been giving us vocal and instrumental
solos. Wednesday evenings we write home to mother, sweethearts
and friends. Friday is stunt evening--sparring matches
and anything else that will keep the boys in good humor.
Sunday school at nine o'clock, making a study of the life
of Jesus. Evening meeting at 6:30, on the same plan as
the Young People's Societies.
The "Y" [YMCA], furnishes us with
the equipment to play all games that men and boys like.
It is helping the soldiers to live cleaner and christian
lives, so that when peace has come we will be citizens
worthy of your trust.
May Curry County do her share toward the
upbuilding of humanity. I was not born in Oregon, but my
heart will be there always. I remain a volunteer for the
country which stands for liberty and right.
Pvt. Carl W. Jones.
Of Spring Brook Farm, Brookings, Oregon
Defense Council Records, Publications
and Ephemera, Box 8, Folder 3; Personal Military
Service Records, World War I, Box 2, Curry County, School District