Loading

Governor Sylvester Pennoyer's Administration

Biennial Message, 1895

Source: Journal of House of the Legislative Assembly, 1895, Governor's Biennial Message, Salem, Oregon, W.H. Leeds, State Printer, 1895.

BIENNIAL MESSAGE OF GOV. SYLVESTER PENNOYER
TO THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY EIGHTTEENTH BIENNIAL SESSION 1895

Gentlemen of the Oregon Legislative Assembly:

The following statements concerning the condition of the State are furnished for your consideration. For more detailed information regarding the State institutions and State affairs you are referred to the reports of the various officers and boards: ---

STATE EXPENDITURES  

 

 

1889-90

1891-92

1893-94

Governor's Office

$ 6,800.00

$ 8,588.90

$ 10,891.20

Secretary's Office

10,450.00

13,364.75

19,107.87

Treasurer's Office

6,187.50

7,800.00

9,800.00

Superintendent of Public Institution

6,600.00

8,095.45

9,185.20

Attorney-General

--------------

-------------

6,000.00

State printing

36,660.85

50,374.62

81,708.19

Library, Code and Reports

10,644.59

15,443.62

15,195.10

State Land Office

8,209.13

9,201.88

9,004.01

Legislative

41,990.63

46,681.87

54,901.01

Judiciary

86,462.44

89,093.97

107,100.00

Penitentiary

73,347.85

82,409.82

87,124.64

Asylum

176,168.91

216,489.65

239,965.46

Penitentiary Improvement

4,630.21

16,942.80

12,549.38

Asylum Improvement

109,803.23

83,258.08

91,360.09

Capitol Improvement

14,087.58

85,163.31

10,362.11

Mute School

17,848.90

15,316.42

19,885.46

Mute School Improvement

-------------

--------------

32,947.00

Blind School

8,742.76

11,355.00

12,883.12

Blind School Improvement

-------------

--------------

12,226.25

Orphan's home

11,000.00

15,000.00

34,500.00

Agricultural Boards

19,000.00

19,000.00

30,415.00

Health officers

3,993.53

4,090.00

4,327.49

Pilot Commission, Etc

5,349.98

5,380.55

5,395.78

Food Commission

3,356.99

3,204.95

3,046.64

Railroad Commission

19,000.00

19,888.69

19,654.31

Agricultural College

64,475.14

46,338.50

44,889.00

State University

34,471.47

44,289.15

77,839.00

Conveying Convicts

14,128.51

22,275.88

23,728.35

Conveying Insane

20,287.37

24,961.93

29,905.61

Incidental

25,150.37

27,995.96

27,277.01

Fugitive

5,139.21

6,338.04

8,738.33

Indigent

10,000.00

7,626.73

706.51

Private Claims

2,088.00

11,031.16

4,474.03

Wagon Roads

116,000.00

-------------

-------------

Militia

33,823.56

65,556.18

99,043.97

Reform School and Improvement

46,000.00

40,671.21

122,115.83

Weather Bureau

1,800.00

1,954.72

929.06

Fish Commission

6,538.93

6,205.35

4,794.90

Horticultural Board

7,000.00

7,000.00

7,000.00

Domestic Animal Commission

4,888.00

8,093.60

6,962.86

Miscellaneous

-------------

22,201.81

13,475.12

Uniform School Blanks

-------------

--------------

7,719.55

Astoria Boatman

-------------

1,000.00

1,000.00

'Resources of Oregon'

-------------

5,659.89

2,678.43

Charities and Correction

-------------

6,866.98

------------

Portage Railroad

-------------

60,000.00

485.35

Eastern Oregon Asylum

-------------

-------------

25,381.05

Jute mill

-------------

-------------

2,466.08

Normal Schools

-------------

-------------

51,382.76

World's Fair

-------------

-------------

40,585.83

Electric Lighting

-------------

-------------

24,647.21

Soldiers' Home

-------------

-------------

38,667.89

Fish Ladder

-------------

-------------

848.27

Equalization Board

-------------

-------------

6,456.20

Soda Spring

-------------

-------------

500.00

Siuslaw Hatchery

-------------

-------------

1,939.85

Common School, Principal

-------------

-------------

2,578.52

Swamp land

-------------

-------------

10,907.93

State Foundry

-------------

-------------

64,955.87

Deficiency, 1891-92

-------------

-------------

117,595.12

 

__________

_________

_________

 

$ 1,071,128.38

$ 1,242,227.43

$  1,820,278.57

The amount for the last biennial term includes deficiencies on file.

APPROPRIATIONS AND EXPENDITURES
Following are the appropriations made by the last legislative assembly, and the expenditures thereunder :------

BIENNIAL TERM

 

 

Appropriated

Expended

Governor

$3,000.00

$3,000.00

Governor's Secretary

3,600.00

3,600.00

Secretary of State

3,000.00

3,000.00

Secretary's Clerk

3,600.00

3,600.00

Treasurer

1,600.00

1,600.00

Treasurer's Clerk

4,000.00

4,000.00

School Superintendent

3,600.00

3,600.00

Attorney-General

6,000.00

6,000.00

Librarian

2,000.00

2,000.00

Prison Inspector

1,000.00

1,000.00

Pilot Commissioner

1,200.00

1,200.00

Commissioners' Clerk

1,200.00

1,200.00

Health Officers

4,400.00

4,327.49

Janitor and Assistant

3,240.00

3,240.00

School Superintendent, traveling expenses

1,600.00

1,585.00

Capitol Watchman

2,400.00

2,400.00

Library Expenses

500.00

500.00

Deaf-Mute School

20,000.00

19,885.46

Blind School

12,000.00

12,000.00

Blind School Improvements

1,200.00

1,200.00

School Superintendent's Clerk

3,100.00

3,100.00

Secretary of State, Clerks

10,360.00

10,106.67

Educational Printing

7,520.00

7,520.00

State Board of Agriculture

10,000.00

10,000.00

Fair Ground Improvements

11,415.00

11,415.00

State Food Commissioner

3,500.00

3,046.64

Pilot Schooner

5,000.00

2,995.78

Railroad Commission

20,000.00

19,654.31

Fish Commission

8,000.00

4,794.90

Electric Lighting Public Building

10,000.00

10,000.00

Rewiring Capitol

2,000.00

2,000.00

Advertising State Warrants

600.00

495.55

Supreme Court Reports

9,600.00

7,200.00

Portland Industrial Fair

1,000.00

1,000.00

Eastern Oregon Fairs

6,000.00

6,000.00

Southern Oregon Fairs

3,000.00

3,000.00

State Board of Horticulture

7,000.00

7,000.00

Astoria Boatman

1,000.00

1,000.00

State Animal Commission

12,000.00

6,962.86

Books, State Library

5,000.00

4,602.10

Board of Equalization

8,000.00

6,456.20

Portland Orphans' Home

5,000.00

5,000.00

Salem Orphans' Home

5,000.00

5,000.00

Albany Orphans' Home

5,000.00

5,000.00

Portland Refuge Home

5,000.00

5,000.00

Portland Baby Home

5,000.00

4,000.00

Portland Magdalen Home

4,000.00

4,000.00

Beaverton Home

4,000.00

2,000.00

Joseph Emery, fees

2,000.00

102.00

Pioneer association

102.00

500.00

Compiling Records

500.00

375.00

Rewards for Arrest

800.00

900.00

Wiring and lighting Insane Asylum

1,200.00

7,499.65

Asylum Improvements

7,500.00

32,540.43

Asylum Building

32,600.00

41,700.00

Fencing Asylum land

41,700.00

1,181.87

Purchasing Asylum Land

1,300.00

10,602.95

Capitol Ground Improvements

11,000.00

4,916.23

Capitol Drain

6,000.00

--------------

New Roof, Capitol

3,600.00

5,445.88

Heating Capitol Building

5,400.00

4,564.57

Hill's Code for Legislature

893.00

893.00

'Resources of Oregon'

2,678.43

2,678.00

Insane Asylum Repairs, (deficiency)

25,588.15

25,588.15

Fire Protection for capitol, (Deficiency)

4,259.30

4,259.30

Water Supply Cottage Farm

524.22

524.22

Deficiency, Blind School

1,391.00

1,391.00

Deficiency, Food Commission

204,95

204.95

Land for Portage Road

3,811.38

3,801.97

Deficiency, Incidental Fund

3,845.36

3,843.41

Deficiency, School Blanks

229.62

229.62

Deficiency, Representative Hall

623.70

623.70

Deficiency, Conveying Convicts

6,438.23

6,438.23

Deficiency, Conveying insane

3,020.92

3,020.92

Deficiency, Penitentiary

6,556.78

6,556.78

Deficiency, Insane Asylum

6,907.28

6,907.28

Deficiency, Legislature, 1891

1,881.87

1,881.87

Deficiency, Reform School Improvement

13,758.59

13,758.59

Penitentiary Water Ditch

1,048.36

1,048.36

Monmouth Normal School

22,382.76

22,382

Printing Paper (Deficiency)

4,997.71

4,997.71

Election Blanks

1,351.29

1,351.29

Printing for Agricultural Societies (deficiency)

16,104.95

16,104.95

Attorney-General (Deficiency)

5,151.03

5,151.03

E. M. Croisan (Deficiency)

8.00

8.00

J. J. Dalrymple & Co. (Deficiency)

15.68

15.68

Arrest of Fugitives

1,107.75

1,107.75

Equalization Board, 1891-92

8,927.48

8,927.48

E. M. Croisan

6.30

6.30

Railroad Commission Suit

1,484.90

974.90

Briefs for such suit

262.00

262.00

Wasco County Poor

490.15

490.15

Stock Portage Road

1,000.00

488.35

D. D. Neer, Architect's fees

117.15

117.15

G. C. Fulton, Attorney's fees

600.00

600.00

Rent of Pilot commission

240.00

240.00

Compiling War Records

152.00

152.00

Penitentiary Improvements

52,500.00

12,549.38

Cleaning Mill Creek

5,000.00

--------------

Land for Penitentiary

2,500.00

2,500.00

Weather Bureau

1,000.00

926.06

Portland Aid Society

2,500.00

2,500.00

Portland Patton Home

2,000.00

2,000.00

Dormitory, State University

25,000.00

25,000.00

Reform School

36,000.00

36,000.00

Reform School Improvements

78,000.00

78,000.00

Judicial Fund

107,000.00

107,100.00

Incident Fund

28,000.00

27,277.07

Expenses of Asylum

275,000.00

239,133.36

Library Books

5,000.00

497.60

Returning Insane

800.00

334.50

Printing

60,000.00

60,000.00

Conveying Insane

28,000.00

28,000.00

Conveying Convicts

23,000.00

23,000.00

Arrest of Fugitives

10,000.00

8,738.33

Arrest of Fugitives (deficiency)

1,215.58

8,738.33

County Support of Poor

10,000.00

8,738.33

Penitentiary Fund

99,850.00

706.51

Clerk, Land Board

3,000.00

84,327.84

Incidentals, Land Board

6,000.00

3,000.00

Attorney's Fees, Land Board

500.00

5,981.51

Treasurer's Clerk, Land Board

3,000.00

---------------

F. S. More

22.50

3,000.00

Incidentals, University lands

300.00

22.50

Purchase of Prison Foundry

300.00

--------------

Compensation, State Board

5,000.00

--------------

World's Fair

33,000.00

2,578.52

Legislature

65,000.00

10,907.93

National Guard

3,000.00

64,955.87

Jutemill

60,000.00

3,000.00

Fish ladder

55,000.00

40,585.53

State University

100,000.00

54,901.01

Agricultural College

190,000.00

99,043.97

Weston Normal School

10,000.00

2,466.08

Soldiers' Home

52,894.00

848.27

Eastern Oregon Asylum

30,226.00

52,839.00

Siuslaw Hatchery

24,000.00

44,889.00

Sodaville Spring

39,000.00

24,000.00

Lakeview School

165,000.00

29,197.49

Deaf-Mute School Improvements

25,000.00

25,000.00

Canceling light contract

10,000.00

5,147.56

 

___________

__________

 

$2,274,036.17

$1,749,222.85

 

  EDUCATIONAL FUND
The total amount of the Common School Fund was as follows on January 1st of the years mentioned: ---
1885____________________________________________$ 868,735.16
1887____________________________________________ 1,059,409.01
1889____________________________________________ 1,756,700.90
1891____________________________________________ 2,203,554.86
1893____________________________________________ 2,418,636.71
1895____________________________________________ 2,450,521.19

The interest from such funds has been distributed as follows:---  

 

 

Per Capita Total

1890

$ 145

$ 144,372.75

1891

145

153,151.90

1892

145

162,066.50

1893

140

168.903.00

1894

87

107,693.82

  On January 1, 1895, the total amount of the other trust funds were as follows:---

Agricultural College_______________________________________$ 129,752.12
State University___________________________________________ 105,345.80

Interest has been paid during the past two years on such funds:---
Agricultural College______________________________________$ 16,751.79
State University__________________________________________ 12,673.61

The amounts loaned from the school funds for the last three biennial terms are as follows:---
1889-90____________________________________________$ 911,243
1891-92____________________________________________ 711,160
1893-94____________________________________________ 536,239

From the above figures it will be seen that the very same cause which is stagnating our general industries and impoverishing our people, is laying its impious hand on the school fund of the State by lessening the values of the securities on which it is based, and diminishing the among apportioned to the common schools for their support.

LAND DEPARTMENT
Swamp land, patented to the State in 1893-94___________________$ 1,998.47 acres
Swamp land, certified to the State in 1893-94___________________ 2,038.32 acres
Whole amount patented____________________________________- 156,873.15 acres
Whole amount certified and not patented_______________________ 90,030.72 acres
Whole amount examined and not certified______________________ 38,568.68 acres

LIEU SCHOOL LANDS
In the Cascade Reservation there are about 200,000 acres of land embraced in sections 16 and 36 for which the State is entitled to that amount of lieu land, which may be selected from the best portions of the public domain. The price of school lands, under the law, is $1.25 per acre, and as these lieu lands are really worth more, I have steadily refused to allow one single acre of school lands in that reservation to be used as a bases for lieu lands until the legislature can change the price of such lands to $2.50 per acre. If this change is made, about $250,000 will go into the school fund, which amount, if the law is not changed, will go into the pockets of speculators.

PUBLIC IMPROVEMENT
During my incumbency of office the State of Oregon has most materially lengthened its cords and strengthened its stakes in regard to all of its public institutions. The capitol has been entirely completed and newly roofed, and all of our public institutions are fully equipped for all requirements, not only for the present, but for the immediate future. The asylum now owns 1,200 acres of land, the penitentiary 169 acres, the reform school 600 acres, the deaf-mute school 100 acres, and the Eastern Oregon Asylum 620 acres of valuable land. During the last eight years there have been expended for land and improvements the following amounts:---

Penitentiary Improvements_____________________________$ 47,615.20
Asylum Improvements________________________________ 341,815.10
Capitol Improvements_________________________________ 147,956.75
Reform School Improvements___________________________ 168,816.59
Agricultural College Improvements_______________________ 88,709.80
State University Improvements___________________________ 25,000.00
Mute School Improvements______________________________ 32,497.00
Blind School Improvements______________________________ 12,226.25
Eastern Oregon Asylum_________________________________ 25,381.05
____________
$890,017.74

Of this amount $304,164.33 were expended during the last two years.

All of the public buildings are first class, and a levy of $80,000 has been made, which will be sufficient to start the Eastern Oregon Asylum on the cottage plan and furnish additional cells for the penitentiary. All these improvements have been made during these hard times, and the State of Oregon is out of debt, although there is due, on January 1, 1895, and unpaid to the State from the several counties the sum of $242,597.89.

But this is not the full extent of public improvements. During the last eight years, there have been expenditures for wagon roads and portage road, and the five per cent and direct tax funds have been distributed among the several counties, so that the total amounts of expenditures on account of public improvements is as follows:---

Public land and buildings________________________________$ 890,017.74
Wagon Roads_________________________________________ 116,000.00
Five per cent and direct tax funds__________________________ 111,576.76
Portage Road__________________________________________ 63,801.97
_____________
$1,181,396.47

THE STATE FOUNDRY PLANT
Sixty-five thousand dollars was appropriated by the last legislature for the purchase of the foundry plant at the penitentiary. Forty thousand dollars were paid for it and the balance was put into stock for the business. Close following the purchase came the business depression which affected all industries, and which very naturally depressed the demands for the foundry products. As a result the foundry was run on limited time and with limited profits. The business since the State assumed control up to the first of the year shows a profit of $16,872.80, and allowing forty cents a day for convict labor, it still shows a profit of $4,028.24, which is a much better exhibit than a very large portion of business firms in Oregon can show which have been doing business outside the penitentiary walls.

THE PARDONING POWER
Some criticism has been made in regard to the exercise of the pardoning power and it has even been asserted that such power should not exist. That power is the highest and most necessary prerogative in a civilized government. If courts and juries were infallible there would be no necessity for its exercise, but so long as they are not infallible, so long there is an absolute necessity for the lodgment somewhere of that very necessary power. In the great majority of the cases in which I have exercised executive clemency, aside from those earning time as trusties, it has been upon the recommendation of the judge, jury, or prosecuting attorney. I have endeavored in all cases to exercise that high prerogative conscientiously and without any regard whatever for newspaper cavil or popular clamor.

FORMER RECOMMENDATIONS
While I shall not presume to make any recommendations what ever to this legislative assembly, I will, however, mention those recommendations which I have formerly made, and concerning which no legislative action has been taken.
1. A change in the assessment law compelling, under penalty, all notes not annually given to the assessor and stamped by him, to be one half forfeited to the school fund.
2. The abolition of all unnecessary commissions.
3. A law establishing maximum rates for railroad and telegraph companies, fixing passenger rates at 2.5 cents per mile, and prohibiting the use of free passes.
4. A law allowing municipalities to fix maximum rates on all local monopolies.
5. A law authorizing the governor, in case of violation of State laws, to employ a person to secure evidence and commence prosecution in the courts for the punishment of offender.
6. A law giving to all State, district, and county officers a fixed salary, or establishing a maximum compensation.
7. A general municipal incorporation law applicable to all cities.
8. A change in the road law so as to secure good roads.
9. A law providing for the arrest and punishment of armed men in private employ.
10. The passage of a inheritance tax law.
12. Authori9ty to the school commissioners to withhold from any county its school fund until the State taxes from said county have been paid.
13. The creation of a State auditing board consisting of the three principal State officers.
14. No further illegal appropriation of money by joint resolution.
15. A change in the law relating to the conveyance of criminals and insane persons.
16. No State appropriation for the militia, leaving to the several counties the support of their own companies.
17. Enactment of a registration law for cities of 5,000 inhabitants and over.
18. Purchase of the Willamette locks or reduction of toll fifty per cent.
19. No appropriation for State or district fairs or a just distribution of moneys now appropriated to the several counties.
20. Repeal of the specific contract law, and making void all contracts discriminating against any lawful money.
21. Abolition of all traps, wheels, and seines.
22. Fixing the price of school lieu lands at $2.50 per acre.
23. No further appropriation for other than common schools.
24. Instructing our delegation in congress to secure a restriction of the jurisdiction of the inferior federal courts to what it was under the judiciary act of 1789, or to confine it exclusively to admiralty and maritime cases; or, better still, to abolish those courts entirely.

CONCLUSION
Grateful to the people for their bestowed confidence, thankful to all my associates for their uniform courtesies, and wishing for the incoming administration abundant success, I now relinquish, with a conscience void of offense, the great trust assigned me, sincerely imploring the blessing of Almighty God upon our beloved Commonwealth.

Oregon Secretary of State • 136 State Capitol • Salem, OR 97310-0722

© 2014 State of Oregon All Rights Reserved​