Oregon Historical County Records Guide
Columbia County Records Inventory
Federal Land Grant Records
Series records ownership of county lands obtained from the federal government. Series includes records of land grants administered under a variety of federal programs such as donation land claims and homesteads. Donation land claims are the most common type of federal land grant in Oregon that is documented in this inventory project. Donation land claims resulted from an act of the 1850 Congress under which citizens of the United States, or those who filed a declaration of intention prior to December 1, 1850 and had resided upon or cultivated the land for four consecutive years, were granted a specified amount of acreage in the Oregon Territory. Donation land claims were unique in that acreage granted to married couples was divided evenly. Half of the acreage was placed in the husband's name while the other half was placed in the wife's name. Records include plats, indexes, and survey notes. Information includes township, range, and section numbers, names of donation land claim holders and claim numbers, claim dates, acreage, and descriptions of surveys.
Under the Homestead Act of 1862, settlers were given 160 acres of land in the public domain if they built a home on the land, resided there for five years, and cultivated the land. A complete homestead entry file includes such documents as the homestead application, homestead proof, and final certificate authorizing the claimant to obtain a land patent.
Records at the Oregon State Archives:
Record of Land Claims [with index], 1854-1860 (1 reel of microfilm).
Records at the Columbia County Courthouse Annex, Vault:
Deed Record Pat'd Cash [Patent], vol. S, 1894-1928 (1 volume);
Deed Record Patents, vol. T, 1894-1928 (1 volume);
Record of Land Claims [shared volume with County Court Docket-stored in locked gray cabinet], 1854-1860 (1 volume).
Records at the Columbia County Courthouse Annex, Assessor's Office:
Columbia County DLC Index [Donation Land Claim], n.d. (1 binder).
Records at the Columbia County Courthouse Annex, Assessor's Office Break
Columbia G.L.O. Plats [General Land Office], ca.1854-ca.1942 (1 volume).
Records at the Columbia County Courthouse, Basement Vault:
[Miscellaneous Trifolded Documents-includes deeds, mortgages, maps, plans, homestead papers, brand records, liens, etc.], ca.1888-ca.1905 (2 cu.ft.).