Oregon Historical County Records Guide
Jackson County Records Inventory
Justice Court Case Files
Series documents criminal and civil cases brought before the courts of the justices of the peace. Records include grand jury indictments, complaints, judgments by confession, transcripts of judgment entries and dockets, statements of witnesses, arrest warrants, subpoenas, bills for court costs and fees, petitions for appointment of justices of the peace and constables, petitions establishing justice districts, and marriage records. Cases heard include disturbing the peace, illegal liquor sales, assault, larceny, trespassing, fraud, vagrancy, and burglary. Justice court records have been inventoried through 1940. For information on more recent records, contact the local justice court.
In 1853 disputes over land and water rights in the Jacksonville area of Jackson County led to the election of alcaldes (an office of Spanish origin) with unlimited jurisdiction. Questions arose about the legality of decisions rendered by the alcaldes. To settle the issue, the Legislative Assembly passed an act in 1853 legalizing the actions of the alcaldes and authorizing them to act as bona fide justices of the peace.
Records at the Jackson County Justice Building Basement, Court
[Index to Transcripts and Depositions-Justice Court], 1919-1927 (1 reel of microfilm).
Records at the University of Oregon, Knight Library, Special
Justice Court Papers, 1858-1916 (.50 cu.ft.).
Records at the Oregon Historical Society:
Mss. 1264 Jackson County [Justice Court Transcripts], 1902-1907, 1914-1915 (.50 cu.ft.);
Mss. 1264 Jackson County Justice of the Peace Case Files, 1858-1870 (1.50 cu.ft.).