Oregon Historical County Records Guide
Jackson County Records Inventory
Justice Court Dockets
Series documents criminal and civil cases brought before justice of the peace courts. Dockets include defendant, plaintiff, attorney, witness, and juror names; action dates and nature of cases; judgments; and statements of costs. Actions include complaints, summonses, appearances, testimonies, bonds, judgments, pleas, fines, jail terms, marriages, and writs of attachment. Civil and criminal cases include larceny, burglary, recovering money or personal property, trespassing, hunting out of season, and illegal voting. Justice court records have been inventoried through 1940. For information on more recent records, contact the local justice court.
In 1853 disputes over land and water rights in the Jacksonville area of Jackson County led to the election of alcaldes (an office of Spanish origin) with unlimited jurisdiction. Questions arose about the legality of decisions rendered by the alcaldes. To settle the issue, the Legislative Assembly passed an act in 1853 legalizing the actions of the alcaldes and authorizing them to act as bona fide justices of the peace.
Records at the Jackson County Justice Building Basement, Court
[Civil Docket Books-Medford Justice Court-with index], vol. 1-41, 1913-1942 (5 reels of microfilm);
[Criminal Docket Books-Ashland Justice Court], vol. 14-22, 1937-1945 (1 reel of microfilm);
[Criminal Docket Books-Medford Justice Court], vol. 1-69, 1913-1941 (8 reels of microfilm);
[Justice Court Eden/Phoenix-Docket], 1891-1903 (1 reel of microfilm);
[Justice Court Phoenix-Docket-actually Table Rock], ca.1879-ca.1909 (1 reel of microfilm);
[Medford Justice Court-Criminal Docket], vol. 1A-3A, 1911-1913 (1 reel of microfilm);
[Medford Record Book-Justice Court], 1931-1932 (1 reel of microfilm);
Medford Small Claims Dockets [Justice Court], vol. 4A, 1918-1937 (1 reel of microfilm);
[Phoenix Justice Court Docket-includes Eden], ca.1879-ca.1890 (1 reel of microfilm);
[Small Claims Docket Ashland-Justice Court Precinct-with index], 1929-1951 (1 reel of microfilm).
Records at Record Masters of Southern Oregon:
Justice Court Docket [91A,60], 1927-1939 (6 volumes);
Small Claims Docket [Justice Court-Gold Hill District-with index], 1927-1972 (1 volume).
Records at the Southern Oregon Historical Society, Research Library:
Criminal Docket Jacksonville District, 1867-1868 (1 volume);
J. C. [Justice Court Docket-MS 910], 1909-1916 (1 volume);
Justice Court Docket Jacksonville District [MS 948-with index], 1881-1884 (1 volume); 1886-1892 (1 volume); 1892-1897 (1 volume); 1911-1921 (1 volume); 1921-1925 (1 volume); 1925-1927 (1 volume); 1928-1942 (4 volumes);
Justice of the Peace Docket Jacksonville District [MS 919-with index], 1884-1886 (1 volume);
Justice of the Peace Phoenix District [MS 907], 1861-1862 (1 volume).
Records at the Jackson County Genealogy Library Building, Library:
Justice Court Eden [Docket], 1891-1899 (1 volume);
Justice Court Eden/Phoenix [Docket], 1878-1890 (1 volume);
Justice Court Phoenix [Docket], 1900-1903 (1 volume);
Justice Court Sam's Valley [Docket], 1906-1918 (1 volume);
Justice Court Table Rock [Docket], 1879-1906 (1 volume).
Records at the University of Oregon, Knight Library, Special
[Justice Peace Docket], 1858-1867 (1 volume).
Records at the Oregon Historical Society:
Mss. 1264 Jackson County [Justice Docket], 1857-1861 (4 volumes);
Mss. 1264B Jackson County [Justice Docket], 1858-1860, 1864, 1872-1875 (5 volumes).