Public Utility Commission,
Board of Maritime Pilots Chapter 856
Caption: Amends apprentice selection and
training program requirements.
Order No.: BMP 2-2010
Filed with Sec. of
Certified to be
Rules Amended: 856-010-0014
Subject: Amends apprentice training requirements to provide
greater flexibility and requires previous maritime experience as a core
apprentice program requirement.
Rules Coordinator: Susan Johnson—(971) 673-1530
Pilot Trainee Selection and
Apprentice Selection and Training Program
(1) Application for a Certificate as a Pilot Apprentice
for the Columbia and Willamette River pilotage ground shall be made on a form
provided by the Board.
(2) The Board of Maritime Pilots shall certify from
among the eligible applicants the best qualified individual or individuals for
apprenticeship. Selection shall be in accordance with selection criteria
procedures, based upon numerical ranking, promulgated by the Board of Maritime
(3) No more than two apprentices shall be in the
apprenticeship program at any time. The Board shall accept new apprentices into
training at intervals of two years or longer.
(4) Numerical ranking of apprentice applicants shall be
based upon a 100-point system, with points for each of the following
(a) Academic: Completion of a four-year course of study
and receipt of a degree from an accredited maritime academy will be awarded 25
(b) Previous Maritime Experience: Applicants shall be
awarded 45 points based on federal licensure and a minimum of two years of
actual experience as an officer in charge of a navigation watch while holding
one or more of the following licenses:
(A) Master of Towing Vessels (Inland Waterways);
(B) Master of Towing Vessels (Ocean);
(C) Master, Vessels Greater than 1,600 Tons;
(D) Master, Vessels 1,600 Tons or Less;
(E) Chief or Second Mate on Vessels Greater than 1,600
(c) Applicants with a First Class Pilot Endorsement for
any U.S. inland waterway will be awarded 5points.
(d) Interview: Every applicant shall be interviewed by
the Board of Maritime Pilots. Each person interviewed shall be assigned from 0
to 25 points based upon objective scoring guidelines published by the Board of
(5) The apprentice candidate with the highest point
total shall be awarded a Certificate of Apprenticeship by the Board and enter
the apprentice training program. Said Certificate shall terminate upon
satisfactory completion of the apprentice training program or upon the
termination of the apprentice for cause or resignation.
(6) Training and qualification of pilot apprentices are
subject to the following provisions:
(a) The term of apprenticeship for every apprentice
shall be a minimum of three years.
(b) The apprentice training and qualification program
shall include the satisfactory completion of an Apprentice Training Course
approved by the Board of Maritime Pilots. The apprentice training and
qualification program shall consist of both the approved Apprentice Training
Course and the term of apprentice training.
(c) Satisfactory completion of the Apprentice Training
Course, as approved by the Board of Maritime Pilots, requires that the
apprentice must have satisfactorily completed the following training
(A) 500 vessel movements between Astoria and Portland
or Vancouver under the supervision of state licensed pilots; and
(B) 500 vessel movements under the supervision of state
licensed pilots between any two points on the pilotage grounds selected by the
Course Monitor based upon an evaluation of the apprentice’s skills and training
needs. Assignments under this subsection may include, but are not necessarily
limited to, transits between Astoria and Portland or Vancouver.
(C) Up to 30 days of industry-related training that the
Course Monitor, in his or her discretion, may assign based upon the Course
Monitor’s evaluation of the apprentice’s skills and training needs. Each day of
training assigned under this subsection shall be substituted for a vessel
movement otherwise required under subsection (B) above.
(d) In order to satisfactorily complete this training
course, every apprentice must ride with a majority of the pilots, on every
route, day and night, ebb and flood tides, and on every size category of vessel
calling at the port. The curriculum of the approved course requires that
apprentices learn to direct the movement of vessels, apply the proper rules of
the nautical road and other maritime procedures, and interface and coordinate
with other affected vessels and facilities.
(e) During each vessel movement to which the apprentice
is assigned, the apprentice shall accompany the licensed pilot assigned to the
vessel. The licensed pilot serves as the expert-master and interacts with the
apprentice in observational and mastery learning process. The licensed pilot is
obligated to interact with the apprentice to a degree sufficient to teach
skills and impart information and to assess the apprentice’s progress during
periods of “hands on” piloting by the apprentice under supervision by the
(f) The progress of every apprentice must be marked
semi-annually during his or her term of apprentice training by the pilots with
whom he or she has received instruction in the areas of: procedures,
skillfulness, communications, and attitude.
(g) Every apprentice must receive satisfactory
evaluations from the majority of the pilots and the Training Course Monitor
during each semiannual progress report period. The Course Monitor shall
semiannually advise each apprentice regarding his or her progress and shall
also advise the Board of Maritime Pilots.
(h) Failure to make satisfactory progress during the
Apprentice Training Course can result in the termination of the
apprentice-training program for any apprentice at any point in the program by
the Board of Maritime Pilots.
(i) The discovery that any apprentice fails to satisfy
the physical requirements for federal licensure shall be just cause for the
termination of any such apprentice, without regard to progress in the
Apprentice Training Course.
(j) Upon satisfactory completion of the approved
Apprentice Training Course, the apprentice will be awarded a Certificate of
Completion by the designated Course Monitor.
(7) Satisfactory completion of the Apprentice Training
Program requires that the apprentice obtain a federal First Class Pilot license
for the grounds from Astoria to Portland and Vancouver. However, any federal
licensure as a federal First Class Pilot obtained by any apprentice before the
completion of the apprenticeship training and qualification program shall not
terminate nor shorten the three-year minimum term of apprentice training.
(8) No person shall represent himself or herself as an
apprentice unless he or she has been approved and certified as an apprentice by
the Board of Maritime Pilots. No pilot shall be required to train any
uncertified person on board any vessel subject to the jurisdiction of the Board
of Maritime Pilots. Any uncertified person posing as an apprentice aboard any
vessel subject to the jurisdiction of the Board of Maritime Pilots shall be
considered in violation of ORS 776.405.
(9) Upon the successful completion of the minimum three
year apprenticeship training and qualification program, including certification
by the Course Monitor of satisfactory completion of the Apprentice Training
Course, the pilots shall provide the Board of Maritime Pilots with the name and
complete training record of every successful apprentice along with their
recommendations regarding his or her prospective licensure by the Board.
(10) Nothing shall prohibit the Board of Maritime
Pilots from periodically reviewing the progress of any apprentice undergoing
training, and reviewing the progress reports on every apprentice that have been
submitted by the pilots.
(11) Every person who successfully completes the
Apprenticeship Training Course shall begin the regular pilot training program
for Class C, Class B, Class A and Unlimited licenses, upon the opening of a
position by either the anticipated retirement or resignation of a licensed pilot,
or the Board-approved increase in the number of pilots.
(12) If no person has successfully completed the
Apprenticeship Training Course at the time a need for a pilot trainee arises,
then the Board shall appoint a person who meets the requirements of OAR
856-010-0010(2) and (4)(a), and who has been selected by the Board from
qualified applicants pursuant to procedures and criteria set forth in
subsections (13), (14), and (15) below.
(13) Applicants for trainee positions under subsection
(12) above must submit their applications to the Board of Maritime Pilots on
forms provided by the Board. When the board determines that a need for a
trainee pursuant to subsection (12) exists, it shall select from among the
eligible applicants the best qualified for training. Selection shall be based
upon numerical ranking according to the point system set forth in subsection
(14) Applicants for trainee positions under subsection
(12) above shall be ranked based upon a point system, with points awarded for
each of the following categories:
(a) Academic: Graduation from high school or equivalent
certification: 10 points. Two or more years at an accredited college or
university: five points. Post-graduate or professional degree: five points.
Completion of a four-year course of study at an accredited maritime academy: 15
points. Maximum total points under this section are 25.
(b) Previous Maritime Experience and Licensure: First
Class Pilot License from Tansey point, Oregon to Ryan Point, Washington on the
Columbia River, and from Kelley Point, Oregon to the Ross Island Bridge on the
Willamette River: 25 points. Federal pilotage endorsement on the Columbia River
from Vancouver, Washington to Pasco, Washington: five points. Federal unlimited
radar observer endorsement: five points. 1,460 or more active working days as
master of towing vessels on the Columbia River and tributaries: five points.
Additional certified training in each of the following categories: Bridge
Resource Management, Emergency Medical Training, Hazardous Materials, Marine
Firefighting, Oil Spill Control: one point each, up to a maximum of five
points. Maximum total points under this section are 45.
(c) Interview: Every applicant with a combined point
total of 50 or more from points awarded under subsections (14)(a) and (14)(b),
shall be interviewed by three or more members of the Board, provided at least
one member is a public member, one member is a pilot member, and one member is
a member engaged in the activities of a company that operates commercial
ocean-going vessels. Each person interviewed shall be assigned from 0 to 35
points based on the interviewee’s poise and confidence, potential as an asset
to the pilotage system, recommendations from within the maritime community,
knowledge of trade and commerce on the Columbia River System, and such other
factors as may be deemed relevant by the Board.
(15) Trainees selected by the Board shall be free to
join the organization of pilots of their choosing upon completion of their
training. No trainee may join an organization of pilots until after training is
complete, except that trainees may associate with an organization of pilots on
a provisional, temporary basis that ends upon receipt of an unlimited state
pilot’s license. Any such provisional, temporary association between trainees
and organizations of pilots shall not obligate the trainee to join any
particular organization of pilots after training is complete.
Stat. Auth.: ORS 776.115
Stats. Implemented: ORS 776.115
Hist.: MP 3-1995, f. & cert.
ef. 3-16-95; MP 4-1995, f. & cert. ef. 8-16-95; BMP 1-1998, f. & cert.
ef. 6-15-98; BMP 1-1999, f. & cert. ef. 2-19-99; BMP 1-2002, f. & cert.
ef. 8-29-02; BMP 4-2008, f. & cert. ef. 1-24-08; BMP 2-2010, f. & cert.
Notes 1.) This online version of the OREGON BULLETIN is provided for convenience of reference and enhanced access. The official, record copy of this publication is contained in the original Administrative Orders and Rulemaking Notices filed with the Secretary of State, Archives Division. Discrepancies, if any, are satisfied in favor of the original versions. Use the OAR Revision Cumulative Index found in the Oregon Bulletin to access a numerical list of rulemaking actions after November 15, 2010.