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The Oregon Administrative Rules contain OARs filed through July 15, 2015
 
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OREGON STATE MARINE BOARD

 

DIVISION 11

STEERING AND SAILING RULES

General

250-011-0005 [Renumbered to 250-011-0050]

250-011-0010 [Renumbered to 250-011-0060]

250-011-0015 [Renumbered to 250-011-0070]

250-011-0020

Division Application

(1) This division applies to all vessels upon waters of this state shoreward of the navigational demarcation lines dividing the high seas from harbors, rivers, and other inland waters.

(2) All vessels operating on the high seas seaward of the navigational demarcation lines fall under the authority of the International Rules, 72 COLREGS, as amended November 19, 1989.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 830.110 & ORS 830.175
Stats. Implemented: ORS 830.335 & ORS 830.340
Hist.: OSMB 5-2015, f. 6-26-15, cert. ef. 7-1-15

250-011-0030

Division Responsibility

(1) Nothing in this division shall exonerate any vessel, or the owner, master, or crew thereof, from the consequences of any neglect to comply with this division or of the neglect of any precaution which may be required by the ordinary practice of seamen, or by the special circumstance of the case.

(2) In construing and complying with this division, due regard shall be had to all dangers of navigation and collision and to any special circumstances, including the limitation of the vessels involved, which may make a departure from this division necessary to avoid immediate danger.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 830.110 & ORS 830.175
Stats. Implemented: ORS 830.335 & ORS 830.340
Hist.: OSMB 5-2015, f. 6-26-15, cert. ef. 7-1-15

250-011-0040

Division Definitions

(1) "All-Round Light is a light showing an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of 360 degrees.

(2) "Flashing Light" is a light flashing at regular intervals at a frequency of 120 flashes or more per minute.

(3) “In sight” is when one vessel can be observed visually by the other.

(4) "Masthead Light" is a white light placed over the fore and aft centerline of the vessel showing an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of 225 degrees and so fixed as to show the light from right ahead to 22.5 degrees abaft the beam on either side of the vessel, except that on a vessel of less than 12 meters in length the masthead light shall be placed as nearly as practicable to the fore and aft centerline of the vessel.

(5) “Power-driven vessel” is any vessel propelled by machinery.

(6) "Prolonged blast" is a blast of from four to six second's duration.

(7) “Restricted visibility” is any condition in which visibility is restricted by fog, mist, falling snow, heavy rainstorms, sandstorms, or any other similar causes.

(8) “Sailing vessel” is any vessel under sail provided that propelling machinery, if fitted, is not being used.

(9) “Seaplane” includes any aircraft designed to maneuver on the water.

(10) "Short blast" is a blast of about one second's duration.

(11) "Sidelights" is a green light on the starboard side and a red light on the port side each showing an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of 112.5 degrees and so fixed as to show the light from right ahead to 22.5 degrees abaft the beam on its respective side. On a vessel of less than 20 meters in length the sidelights may be combined in one lantern carried on the fore and aft centerline of the vessel, except that on a vessel of less than 12 meters in length the sidelights when combined in one lantern shall be placed as nearly as practicable to the fore and aft centerline of the vessel.

(12) "Special Flashing Light" is a yellow light flashing at regular intervals at a frequency of 50 to 70 flashes per minute, placed as far forward and as nearly as practicable on the fore and aft centerline of the tow and showing on unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of not less than 180 degrees nor more than 225 degrees and so fixed as to show the light from right ahead to abeam and no more than 22.5 degrees abaft the beam on either side of the vessel.

(13) "Sternlight" is a white light placed as nearly as practicable at the stern showing an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of 135 degrees and so fixed as to show the light 67.5 degrees from right aft on each side of the vessel.

(14) "Towing Light" is a yellow light having the same characteristics as the "sternlight" defined in of this rule.

(15) “Vessel” includes every description of water craft, including non-displacement craft and seaplanes, used or capable of being used as a means of transportation on the water.

(16) “Vessel not under command” is a vessel which through some exceptional circumstances is unable to maneuver as required by this section and is therefore unable to keep out of the way of another vessel.

(17) “Vessel restricted in its ability to maneuver” is a vessel which from the nature of its work is restricted in its ability to maneuver as required by this section and is therefore unable to keep out of the way of another vessel; vessels restricted in their ability to maneuver include, but are not limited to:

(a) a vessel engaged in laying, servicing, or picking up a navigation mark, submarine cable, or pipeline;

(b) a vessel engaged in dredging, surveying, or underwater operations;

(c) a vessel engaged in replenishment or transferring persons, provisions, or cargo while underway;

(d) a vessel engaged in the launching of recovery of aircraft;

(e) a vessel engaged in mine clearance operations; and

(f) a vessel engaged in towing operations such as severely restricts the towing vessel and its tow in their ability to deviate from their course.

(18) “Whistle" is any sound signaling appliance capable of producing the prescribed blasts and which complies with current U.S. Coast Guard specifications.

(19) “Wing-In-Ground (WIG) craft” is a multimodal craft which, in its main operational mode, flies in close proximity to the surface by utilizing surface-effect action.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 830
Stats. Implemented: ORS 830.225
Hist.: OSMB 5-2015, f. 6-26-15, cert. ef. 7-1-15

250-011-0050

Conduct of Vessels in Any Condition of Visibility

(1) Every vessel shall at all times maintain a proper lookout by sight and hearing as well as by all available means appropriate in the prevailing circumstances and conditions so as to make a full appraisal of the situation and of the risk of collision.

(2) Every vessel shall at all times proceed at a safe speed so that it can take proper and effective action to avoid collision and be stopped within a distance appropriate to the prevailing circumstances and conditions. In determining a safe speed the following factors shall be among those taken into account by all vessels:

(a) The state of visibility;

(b) The traffic density including concentration of fishing vessels or any other vessels;

(c) The maneuverability of the vessel with special reference to stopping distance and turning ability in the prevailing conditions;

(d) At night the presence of background light such as from shore lights or from back scatter of its own lights;

(e) The state of wind, sea, and current, and the proximity of navigational hazards;

(f) The draft in relation to the available depth of water;

(g) The characteristics, efficiency and limitations of the radar equipment;

(h) Any constraints imposed by the radar range scale in use;

(i) The effect on radar detection of the sea state, weather, and other sources of interference;

(j) The possibility that small vessels, ice and other floating objects may not be detected by radar at an adequate range;

(k) The number, location, and movement of vessels detected by radar; and

(l) The more exact assessment of the visibility that may be possible when radar is used to determine the range of vessels or other objects in the vicinity.

(3) Every vessel shall use all available means appropriate to the prevailing circumstances and conditions to determine if risk of collision exists. If there is any doubt such risk shall be deemed to exist. Proper use shall be made of radar equipment if fitted and operational, including long-range scanning to obtain early warning of risk of collision and radar plotting or equivalent systematic observation of detected objects. Assumptions shall not be made on the basis of scanty information, especially scanty radar information. In determining if risk of collision exists the following considerations shall be among those taken into account:

(a) Such risk shall be deemed to exist if the compass bearing of an approaching vessel does not appreciably change; and

(b) Such risk may sometimes exist even when an appreciable bearing change is evident, particularly when approaching a very large vessel or a tow or when approaching a vessel at close range.

(4) Any action taken to avoid collision shall be taken in accordance with OAR 250-011-0050, 250-011-0060, 250-011-0070 and shall, if the circumstances of the case admit, be positive, made in ample time and with due regard to the observance of good seamanship.

(a) Any alteration of course or speed to avoid collision shall, if the circumstances of the case admit, be large enough to be readily apparent to another vessel observing visually or by radar; a succession of small alterations of course or speed should be avoided.

(b) If there is sufficient sea room, alteration of course alone may be the most effective action to avoid a close-quarters situation provided that it is made in good time, is substantial and does not result in another close-quarters situation.

(c) Action taken to avoid collision with another vessel shall be such as to result in passing at a safe distance. The effectiveness of the action shall be carefully checked until the other vessel is finally past and clear.

(d) If necessary to avoid collision or allow more time to assess the situation, a vessel shall slacken its [speed or take all way off by stopping or reversing its means of propulsion.

(e) A vessel, which, by any of these rules is required not to impede the passage or safe passage of another vessel shall, when required by the circumstances of the case, take early action to allow sufficient sea room for the safe passage of the other vessel.

(A) A vessel required not to impede the passage or safe passage of another vessel is not relieved of this obligation if approaching the other vessel so as to involve risk of collision and shall, when taking action, have full regard to the action which may be required by OAR 250-011-0050, 250-011-0060, and 250-011-0070.

(B) A vessel the passage of which is not to be impeded remains fully obliged to comply with OAR 250-011-050, 250-011-0060, and 250-011-0070 when the two vessels are approaching one another so as to involve risk of collision.

(5) A vessel proceeding along the course of a narrow channel or fairway shall keep as near to the outer limit of the channel or fairway which lies on its starboard side as is safe and practicable:

(a) Notwithstanding section (5) of this rule and OAR 250-011-0060(3), a power-driven vessel operating in narrow channels or fairways on waters of this state, and proceeding downbound with a following current shall have the right-of-way over an upbound vessel, shall propose the manner and place of passage, and shall initiate the maneuvering signals prescribed by OAR 250-011-0200(1)(a), as appropriate. The vessel proceeding upbound against the current shall hold as necessary to permit safe passing;

(b) A vessel of less than 20 meters in length or a sailing vessel shall not impede the passage of a vessel that can safely navigate only within a narrow channel or fairway;

(c) A vessel engaged in fishing shall not impede the passage of any other vessel navigating within a narrow channel or fairway;

(d) A vessel shall not cross a narrow channel or fairway if such crossing impedes the passage of a vessel which can safely navigate only within that channel or fairway. The latter vessel shall use the danger signal prescribed in OAR 250-011-0200(4) if in doubt as to the intention of the crossing vessel;

(e) In a narrow channel or fairway when overtaking, the vessel intending to overtake shall indicate its intention by sounding the appropriate signal prescribed in OAR 250-011-0200(3)(a) and(b), and take steps to permit safe passing. The overtaken vessel, if in agreement, shall sound the same signal. If in doubt it shall sound the danger signal prescribed in OAR 250-011-0200(4). This does not relieve the overtaking vessel of its obligation under OAR 250-011-0060(2);

(f) A vessel nearing a bend or an area of a narrow channel or fairway where other vessel may be obscured by an intervening obstruction shall navigate with particular alertness and caution and shall sound the appropriate signal prescribed in OAR 250-011-0200(5);

(g) Every vessel shall, if the circumstances of the case admit, avoid anchoring in a narrow channel.

(6) Any vessel approaching, overtaking, being approached, or being overtaken by a moving law enforcement vessel operating with a siren or an illuminated flashing blue light, or any vessel approaching a stationary law enforcement vessel displaying an illuminated blue light, shall:

(a) Immediately slow to a speed sufficient to maintain steerage only, shall alter its course, within its ability, so as not to inhibit or interfere with the operation of the law enforcement vessel, and shall proceed, unless otherwise directed by the operator of the law enforcement vessel, at the reduced speed until beyond the area of operation of the law enforcement vessel;

(b) Notwithstanding the operational requirements of section 6 (a) of this rule, vessels shall not be required to operate in a manner that would endanger or be likely to endanger that craft, other nearby watercraft, or other persons or property.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 830.110 & 830.175
Stats. Implemented: ORS 830.335 & 830.340
Hist.: MB 14-1983, f. 11-29-83, ef. 12-1-83; MB 4-1993, f. & cert. ef. 3-16-93; Renumbered from 250-011-0005, OSMB 5-2015, f. 6-26-15, cert. ef. 7-1-15

250-011-0060

Conduct of Vessels in Sight of One Another

(1) When two sailing vessels are approaching one another, so as to involve risk of collision, one of them shall keep out of the way of the other as follows:

(a) When each has the wind on a different side, the vessel which has the wind on the port side shall keep out of the way of the other;

(b) When both have the wind on the same side, the vessel which is to windward shall keep out of the way of the vessel which is to leeward; and

(c) If a vessel with the wind on the port side sees a vessel to windward and cannot determine with certainty whether the other vessel has the wind on the port or on the starboard side, it shall keep out of the way of the other;

(d) For the purpose of this section the windward side shall be deemed to be the side opposite to that on which the mainsail is carried or, in the case of a square-rigged vessel, the side opposite to that on which the largest fore-and-aft sail is carried.

(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in OAR 250-011-0050 through 250-011-0060 any vessel overtaking any other shall keep out of the way of the vessel being overtaken. A vessel shall be deemed to be overtaking when coming up with another vessel from a direction more than 22.5 degrees abaft its beam; that is, in such a position with reference to the vessel it is overtaking, that at night it would be able to see only the sternlight of that vessel but neither of its sidelights. When a vessel is in any doubt as to whether it is overtaking another, it shall assume that this is the case and act accordingly. Any subsequent alteration of the bearing between the two vessels shall not make the overtaking vessel a crossing vessel within the meaning of these rules or relieve it of the duty of keeping clear of the overtaken vessel until it is finally past and clear.

(3) Unless otherwise agreed, when two power-driven vessels are meeting on reciprocal or nearly reciprocal courses so as to involve risk of collision each shall alter its course to starboard so that each shall pass on the port side of the other. Such a situation shall be deemed to exist when a vessel sees the other ahead or nearly ahead and by night it could see the masthead lights of the other in a line or nearly in a line or both sidelights and by day it observes the corresponding aspect of the other vessel. When a vessel is in any doubt as to whether such a situation exists it shall assume that it does exist and act accordingly.

(4) Notwithstanding section (3) of this rule, a power-driven vessel operating on waters of this state, and proceeding down-bound with a following current shall have the right-of-way over an up-bound vessel, shall propose the manner of passage, and shall initiate the maneuvering signals prescribed by OAR 250-011-0200(1)(a) as appropriate.

(5) When two power-driven vessels are crossing so as to involve risk of collision, the vessel which has the other on its starboard side shall keep out of the way and shall, if the circumstances of the case admit, avoid crossing ahead of the other vessel. Notwithstanding this section on the waters of this state, a vessel crossing a river shall keep out of the way of a power-driven vessel ascending or descending the river.

(6) Every vessel which is directed to keep out of the way of another vessel shall, so far as possible, take early and substantial action to keep well clear.

(7) Where one of two vessels is to keep out of the way, the other shall keep its course and speed:

(a) The latter vessel may, however, take action to avoid collision by its maneuver alone, as soon as it becomes apparent to it that the vessel required to keep out of the way is not taking appropriate action in compliance with these rules;

(b) When, from any cause, the vessel required to keep its course and speed finds itself so close that collision cannot be avoided by the action of the give-way vessel alone, it shall take such action as will best aid to avoid collision. A power-driven vessel which takes action in a crossing situation in accordance with section (7)(a) of this rule to avoid collision with another power-driven vessel shall, if the circumstances of the case admit, not alter course to port for a vessel on its own port side. This rule does not relieve the give-way vessel of its obligation to keep out of the way.

(8) Except where OAR 250-011-0050(5) and section (2) of this rule otherwise require:

(a) A power-driven vessel underway shall keep out of the way of:

(A) A vessel not under command;

(B) A vessel restricted in its ability to maneuver;

(C) A vessel engaged in fishing; and

(D) A sailing vessel.

(b) A sailing vessel underway shall keep out of the way of:

(A) A vessel not under command;

(B) A vessel restricted in its ability to maneuver; and

(C) A vessel engaged in fishing.

(c) A vessel engaged in fishing when underway shall, so far as possible, keep out of the way of:

(A) A vessel not under command; and

(B) A vessel restricted in its ability to maneuver.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 830
Stats. Implemented: ORS 830.110
Hist.: MB 14-1983, f. 11-29-83, ef. 12-1-83; MB 1-1985, f. & ef. 1-29-85; Renumbered from 250-011-0010, OSMB 5-2015, f. 6-26-15, cert. ef. 7-1-15

250-011-0070

Conduct of Vessels in Restricted Visibility

Every vessel shall proceed at a safe speed adapted to the prevailing circumstances and conditions of restricted visibility. A power-driven vessel shall have its engines ready for immediate maneuver:

(1) Every vessel shall have due regard to the prevailing circumstances and conditions of restricted visibility when complying with OAR 250-011-0050.

(2) A vessel which detect by radar alone the presence of another vessel shall determine if a close-quarters situation is developing or risk of collision exists. If so, it shall take avoiding action in ample time, provided that when such action consists of an alteration of course, so far as possible the following shall be avoided:

(a) An alteration of course to port for a vessel forward of the beam, other than for a vessel being overtaken; and

(b) An alteration of course toward a vessel abeam or abaft the beam.

(3) Except where it has been determined that a risk of collision does not exist, every vessel which hears, apparently forward of its beam the fog signal of another vessel, or which cannot avoid a close-quarters situation with another vessel forward of its beam, shall reduce its speed to the minimum at which it can be kept on course. The vessel shall, if necessary, take all its way off and, in any event, navigate with extreme caution until danger of collision is over.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 830
Stats. Implemented: ORS 830.110
Hist.: MB 14-1983, f. 11-29-83, ef. 12-1-83; MB 1-1985, f. & ef. 1-29-85; Renumbered from 250-011-0015, OSMB 5-2015, f. 6-26-15, cert. ef. 7-1-15

Lights and Shapes

250-011-0080

Application

(1) The rules in this section shall be complied with in all weathers.

(2) Light requirements apply from sunset to sunrise, during which time, no other lights shall be exhibited, except for such lights which cannot be mistaken for the lights described in this division, do not impair their visibility, distinctive character, or interfere with the keeping of a proper look-out.

(3) The prescribed lights, shall, if carried, also be exhibited from sunrise to sunset in restricted visibility and may be exhibited in all other circumstances when it is deemed necessary.

(4) The rules concerning shapes shall be complied with by day.

(5) A vessel’s navigation lights and shapes may be lowered if necessary to pass under a bridge.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 830.110 & 830.250
Stats. Implemented: ORS 830.225
Hist.: MB 15-1983, f. 11-29-83, ef. 12-1-83; MB 16-1992, f. & cert. ef. 11-24-92; Renumbered from 250-012-0005, OSMB 5-2015, f. 6-26-15, cert. ef. 7-1-15

250-011-0090

Visibility of Lights

(1) Vessel lights as prescribed herein shall have visible intensity.

(2) In a vessel of 50 meters or more in length:

(a) A masthead light, six miles;

(b) A sidelight, three miles;

(c) A sternlight, three miles;

(d) A towing light, three miles;

(e) A white, red, green or yellow all-round light, three miles; and a special flashing light, two miles.

(3) In a vessel of 12 meters or more in length but less that 50 meters in length:

(a) A masthead light, five miles; except that where the length of the vessel is less than 20 meters, three miles;

(b) A sidelight, two miles;

(c) A sternlight, two miles;

(d) A towing light, two miles;

(e) A white, red, green or yellow all-round light, two miles; and a special flashing light, two miles.

(4) In a vessel of less than 12 meters in length:

(a) A masthead light, two miles;

(b) A sidelight, one mile;

(c) A sternlight, two miles;

(d) A towing light, two miles;

(e) A white, red, green or yellow all-round light, two miles; and a special flashing light, two miles.

(5) In an inconspicuous, partly submerged vessel or object being towed, a white all-round light, three miles.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 830
Stats. Implemented: ORS 830.225
Hist.: MB 15-1983, f. 11-29-83, ef. 12-1-83; Renumbered from 250-012-0003, OSMB 5-2015, f. 6-26-15, cert. ef. 7-1-15

250-011-0100

Power-driven Vessels Underway

(1) A power-driven vessel underway shall exhibit:

(a) A masthead light forward; except that a vessel of less than 20 meters in length need not exhibit this light forward of amidships but shall exhibit it as far forward as is practicable;

(b) A second masthead light abaft of and higher than the forward one; except that a vessel of less than 50 meters in length shall not be obliged to exhibit such light but may do so;

(c) Sidelights; and

(d) A sternlight.

(2) An air-cushion vessel when operating in the non-displacement mode shall, in addition to the lights prescribed in section (1) of this rule, exhibit an all-round flashing yellow light where it can best be seen.

(3) A WIG craft only when taking off, landing and in flight near the surface shall, in addition to the lights prescribed in section (1) of this rule, exhibit a high intensity all-round flashing red light.

(4) A power-driven vessel of less than 12 meters in length may, in lieu of the lights prescribed in section (1) of this rule, exhibit an all-round white light and sidelights.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 830
Stats. Implemented: ORS 830.225 & ORS 830.250
Hist.: MB 15-1983, f. 11-29-83, ef. 12-1-83; Renumbered from 250-012-0010, OSMB 5-2015, f. 6-26-15, cert. ef. 7-1-15

250-011-0110

Towing and Pushing

(1) A power-driven vessel when towing astern shall exhibit:

(a) Instead of the light prescribed either in OAR 250-011-0100(1)(a) or (b) two masthead lights in a vertical line. When the length of the tow, measuring from the stern of the towing vessel to the after end of the tow exceeds 200 meters, three such lights in a vertical line;

(b) Sidelights;

(c) A sternlight;

(d) A towing light in a vertical line above the sternlight; and

(e) When the length of the tow exceeds 200 meters, a diamond shape where it can best be seen.

(2) When a pushing vessel and a vessel being pushed ahead are rigidly connected in a composite unit they shall be regarded as a power-driven vessel and exhibit the lights prescribed in OAR 250-011-0100.

(3) A power-driven vessel when pushing ahead or towing alongside, except as required by sections (2) and (9) of this rule, shall exhibit:

(a) Instead of the light prescribed either in OAR 250-011-0100(1)(a) or (b), two masthead lights in a vertical line;

(b) Sidelights; and

(c) Two towing lights in a vertical line.

(4) A power-driven vessel to which sections (1) and (3) of this rule apply shall also comply with OAR 250-011-0100(1)(a) or (b).

(5) A vessel or object other than those referred to in section (7) of this rule being towed shall exhibit:

(a) Sidelights;

(b) A sternlight; and

(c) When the length of the tow exceeds 200 meters, a diamond shape where it can best be seen.

(6) Provided that any number of vessels being towed alongside or pushed in a group shall be lighted as one vessel, except as provided in section 6(c) of this rule:

(a) A vessel being pushed ahead, not being part of a composite unit, shall exhibit at the forward end sidelights, and a special flashing light; and

(b) A vessel being towed alongside shall exhibit a sternlight and at the forward end sidelights

(c) When vessels are towed alongside on both sides of the towing vessel, a sternlight shall be exhibited on the stern of the outboard vessel on each side of the towing vessel, and a single set of sidelights as far forward and as far outboard as is practicable, and a single special flashing light.

(7) An inconspicuous, partly, submerged vessel or object being towed shall exhibit:

(a) If it is less than 25 meters in breadth, one all-round white light at or near each end;

(b) If it is 25 meters or more in breadth, four all-round white lights to mark its length and breadth;

(c) If it exceeds 100 meters in length, additional all-round white lights between the lights prescribed in sections (7)(a) and (b) of this rule so that the distance between the lights shall not exceed 100 meters: Provided, that any vessels or objects being towed alongside each other shall be lighted as one vessel or object;

(d) A diamond shape at or near the aftermost extremity of the last vessel or object being towed; and

(e) The towing vessel may direct a searchlight in the direction of the tow to indicate its presence to an approaching vessel.

(8) Where from any sufficient cause it is impracticable for a vessel or object being towed to exhibit the lights prescribed in sections (5) and (7) of this rule, all possible measures shall be taken to light the vessel or object towed or at least to indicate the presence of the unlighted vessel or object.

(9) Notwithstanding section (3) of this rule, on the Western Rivers and on waters specified by the U.S. Secretary of Transportation, a power-driven vessel when pushing ahead or towing alongside, except as section (2) of this rule applies, shall exhibit:

(a) Sidelights; and

(b) Two towing lights in a vertical line.

(10) Where from any sufficient cause it is impracticable for a vessel not normally engaged in towing operations to display the lights prescribed by sections (1), (3) and (9) of this rule, such vessel shall not be required to exhibit those lights when engaged in towing another vessel in distress or otherwise in need of assistance. All possible measures shall be taken to indicate the nature of the relationship between the towing vessel and the vessel being assisted. The searchlight authorized in OAR 250-011-0230 may be used to illuminate the tow.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 830.110 & ORS 830.250
Stats. Implemented: ORS 830.250
Hist.: MB 15-1983, f. 11-29-83, ef. 12-1-83; MB 16-1992, f. & cert. ef. 11-24-92; Renumbered from 250-012-0015, OSMB 5-2015, f. 6-26-15, cert. ef. 7-1-15

250-011-0120

Sailing Vessels Underway and Vessels Manually Propelled

(1) A sailing vessel underway shall exhibit:

(a) Sidelights; and

(b) A sternlight.

(2) In a sailing vessel of less than 20 meters in length the lights prescribed in section (1) of this rule may be combined in one lantern carried at or near the top of the mast where it can best be seen.

(3) A sailing vessel underway may, in addition to the lights prescribed in section (1) of this rule, exhibit at or near the top of the mast, where they can best be seen, two all-round lights in a vertical line, the upper being red and the lower green, but these lights shall not be exhibited in conjunction with the combined lantern permitted by section (2) of this rule.

(4)(a) A sailing vessel of less than seven meters in length shall, if practicable, exhibit the lights prescribed in section (1) or (2) of this rule, but if it does not, the vessel shall exhibit an all-round white light or have ready at hand an electric torch or lighted lantern showing a white light which shall be exhibited in sufficient time to prevent collision;

(b) A vessel under oars may exhibit the lights prescribed in this rule for sailing vessels, but if it does not, the vessel shall exhibit an all-round white light or have ready at hand an electric torch or lighted lantern showing a white light which shall be exhibited in sufficient time to prevent collision.

(5) A vessel proceeding under sail when also being propelled by machinery shall exhibit forward where it can best be seen a conical shape, apex downward. A vessel of less than 12 meters in length is not required to exhibit this shape, but may do so.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 830
Stats. Implemented: ORS 830.250
Hist.: MB 15-1983, f. 11-29-83, ef. 12-1-83; Renumbered from 250-012-0020, OSMB 5-2015, f. 6-26-15, cert. ef. 7-1-15

250-011-0130

Fishing Vessels

(1) A vessel engaged in fishing, whether underway or at anchor, shall exhibit only the lights and shapes prescribed in this rule.

(2) A vessel when engaged in trawling, by which is meant the dragging through the water of a dredge net or other apparatus used as a fishing appliance, shall exhibit:

(a) Two all-round lights in a vertical line, the upper being green and the lower white, or a shape consisting of two cones with their apexes together in a vertical line one above the other; a vessel of less than 20 meters in length may instead of this shape exhibit a basket;

(b) A masthead light abaft of and higher than the all-round green light; a vessel of less than 50 meters in length shall not be obliged to exhibit such a light but may do so; and

(c) When making way through the water, in addition to the lights prescribed in this paragraph, sidelights and a sternlight.

(3) A vessel engaged in fishing, other than trawling, shall exhibit:

(a) Two all-round lights in a vertical line, the upper being red and the lower white, or a shape consisting of two cones with apexes together in a vertical line one above the other; a vessel of less than 20 meters in length may instead of this shape exhibit a basket;

(b) When there is outlying gear extending more than 150 meters horizontally from the vessel, an all-round white light or a cone apex upward in the direction of the gear; and

(c) When making way through the water, in addition to the lights prescribed in this section, sidelights and a sternlight.

(4) A trawler or purse seiner engaged in fishing in close proximity to other vessels engaged in fishing may exhibit such additional signals as may be promulgated by the U.S. Secretary of Transportation.

(5) A vessel when not engaged in fishing shall not exhibit the lights or shapes prescribed in this rule, but only those prescribed for a vessel of its length.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 830
Stats. Implemented: ORS 830.250
Hist.: MB 15-1983, f. 11-29-83, ef. 12-1-83; Renumbered from 250-012-0025, OSMB 5-2015, f. 6-26-15, cert. ef. 7-1-15

250-011-0140

Vessels Not Under Command or Restricted in Their Ability to Maneuver

(1) A vessel not under command shall exhibit:

(a) Two all-round red lights in a vertical line where they can best be seen;

(b) Two balls or similar shapes in a vertical line where they can best be seen; and

(c) When making way through the water, in addition to the lights prescribed in this section, sidelights and a sternlight.

(2) A vessel restricted in its ability to maneuver, except a vessel engaged in mine-sweeping operations, shall exhibit:

(a) Three all-round lights in a vertical line where they can best be seen. The highest and lowest of these lights shall be red and the middle light shall be white;

(b) Three shapes in a vertical line where they can best be seen. The highest and lowest of these shapes shall be balls and the middle one a diamond;

(c) When making way through the water, masthead lights, sidelights and a sternlight, in addition to the lights prescribed in section, (2)(a) of this rule; and

(d) When at anchor, in addition to the lights or shapes prescribed in sections, (2)(a) and (b) of this rule, the light, lights or shapes prescribed in OAR 250-011-0160.

(3) A vessel engaged in a towing operation which severely restricts the towing vessel and its tow in their ability to deviate from their course shall, in addition to the lights or shapes prescribed in in sections, (2)(a) and (b) of this rule, exhibit the lights or shape prescribed in OAR 250-011-0110.

(4) A vessel engaged in dredging or underwater operations, when restricted in its ability to maneuver, shall exhibit the lights and shapes prescribed in sections, (2)(a), (b), and (c) of this rule and shall in addition, when an obstruction exists, exhibit:

(a) Two all-round red lights or two balls in a vertical line to indicate the side on which the obstruction exists;

(b) Two all-round green lights or two diamonds in a vertical line to indicate the side on which another vessel may pass; and

(c) When at anchor, the lights or shape prescribed by this section, instead of the lights or shapes prescribed in OAR 250-011-0160 for anchored vessels.

(d) Dredge pipelines that are floating or supported on trestles shall display the following lights at night and in periods of restricted visibility:

(A) One row of yellow lights. The lights must be: Flashing 50 to 70 times per minute, visible all around the horizon, visible for at least 2 miles, not less than 1 and not more than 3.5 meters above the water, approximately equally spaced, and not more than 10 meters apart where the pipeline crosses a navigable channel. Where the pipeline does not cross a navigable channel the lights must be sufficient in number to clearly show the pipeline’s length and course.

(B) Two red lights on each end of the pipeline, including the ends in a channel where the pipeline is separated to allow vessels to pass (whether open or closed). The lights must be: Visible for all around the horizon, visible for at least 2 miles, and one meter apart in a vertical line with the lower light at the same height above the water as the flashing yellow light.

(5) Whenever the size of a vessel engaged in diving operations makes it impracticable to exhibit all lights and shapes prescribed in section (4) of this rule, the following shall instead be exhibited:

(a) Three all-round lights in a vertical line where they can best be seen. The highest and lowest of these lights shall be red and the middle light shall be white;

(b) A rigid replica of the international code flag "A" not less than one meter in height. Measures shall be taken to insure its all-round visibility.

(6) A vessel engaged in minesweeping operations shall, in addition to the lights prescribed for a power-driven vessel in OAR 250-011-0100, exhibit three all-round green lights or three balls. One of these lights or shapes shall be exhibited near the foremast head and one at each end of the fore yard. These lights or shapes indicate that it is dangerous for another vessel to approach closer than 1,000 meters a stern or 500 meters on either side of the minesweeper.

(7) A vessel of less than 12 meters in length, except when engaged in diving operations, is not required to exhibit the lights or shapes prescribed in this rule.

(8) The signals prescribed in this rule are not signals of vessels in distress and requiring assistance.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 830
Stats. Implemented: ORS 830.250
Hist.: MB 15-1983, f. 11-29-83, ef. 12-1-83; Renumbered from 250-012-0030, OSMB 5-2015, f. 6-26-15, cert. ef. 7-1-15

250-011-0150

Pilot Vessels

(1) A vessel engaged on pilotage duty shall exhibit:

(a) At or near the masthead, two all-round lights in a vertical line, the upper being white and the lower red;

(b) When underway, in addition, sidelights and a sternlight; and

(c) When at anchor, in addition to the lights prescribed in section (1)(a) of this rule, the anchor light, lights, or shape prescribed in OAR 250-011-0160 for anchored vessels.

(2) A pilot vessel when not engaged on pilotage duty shall exhibit the lights or shapes prescribed for a vessel of its length.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 830
Stats. Implemented: ORS 830.250
Hist.: MB 15-1983, f. 11-29-83, ef. 12-1-83; Renumbered from 250-012-0035, OSMB 5-2015, f. 6-26-15, cert. ef. 7-1-15

250-011-0160

Anchored Vessels and Vessels Aground

(1) A vessel at anchor shall exhibit where it can best be seen:

(a) In the fore part, an all-round white light or one ball; and

(b) At or near the stern and at a lower level than the light prescribed in section (1)(a) of this rule, an all-round white light.

(2) A vessel of less than 50 meters in length may exhibit an all-round white light where it can best be seen instead of the lights prescribed in section (1) of this rule.

(3) A vessel at anchor may, and a vessel of 100 meters or more in length shall, also use the available working or equivalent lights to illuminate its [decks.

(4) A vessel aground shall exhibit the lights prescribed in section (1) or (2) of this rule and in addition, if practicable, where they can best be seen:

(a) Two all-round red lights in a vertical line; and

(b) Three balls in a vertical line.

(5) A vessel of less than seven meters in length, when at anchor, not in or near a narrow channel, fairway, anchorage, or where other vessels normally navigate, shall not be required to exhibit the lights or shape prescribed in sections (1) and (2) of this rule.

(6) A vessel of less than 12 meters in length when aground shall not be required to exhibit the lights or shapes prescribed in sections (4)(a) and (b) of this rule.

(7) A vessel of less than 20 meters in length, when at anchor in a special anchorage area designated by the United States Secretary of Transportation, shall not be required to exhibit the anchor lights and shapes required by this rule.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 830
Stats. Implemented: ORS 830.250
Hist.: MB 15-1983, f. 11-29-83, ef. 12-1-83; Renumbered from 250-012-0040, OSMB 5-2015, f. 6-26-15, cert. ef. 7-1-15

250-011-0170

Law Enforcement Vessels

(1) Law enforcement vessels may display a flashing blue light when engaged in direct law enforcement or public safety activities. This light must be located so that it does not interfere with the visibility of the vessel's navigation lights.

(2) The blue light described in this section may be displayed only by law enforcement vessels of the United States, Oregon and its political subdivisions.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 830.110 & ORS 830.250
Stats. Implemented: ORS 830.035
Hist.: MB 16-1992, f. & cert. ef. 11-24-92; Renumbered from 250-012-0045, OSMB 5-2015, f. 6-26-15, cert. ef. 7-1-15

250-011-0180

Public Safety Activities

(1) Vessels engaged in government sanctioned public safety activities, and commercial vessels performing similar functions, may display an alternately flashing red and yellow light signal. This identification light signal must be located so that it does not interfere with the visibility of the vessel's navigation lights. The identification light signal may be used only as an identification signal and conveys no special privilege. Vessels using the identification light signal during public safety activities must abide by the Inland Navigation Rules and OAR Chapter 250, Division 11, and must not presume that the light or the exigency gives them precedence or right of way.

(2) Public safety activities include but are not limited to patrolling marine parades, regattas, or special water celebrations; traffic control; salvage; firefighting; medical assistance; assisting disabled vessels; and search and rescue.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 830.110 & ORS 830.250
Stats. Implemented: ORS 830.035
Hist.: MB 16-1992, f. & cert. ef. 11-24-92; Renumbered from 250-012-0050, OSMB 5-2015, f. 6-26-15, cert. ef. 7-1-15

Sound and Light Signals

250-011-0190

Equipment for Sound Signals

(1) A vessel of 12 meters or more in length shall be provided with a whistle, a vessel of 20 meters or more in length shall be provided with a bell in addition to a whistle, and a vessel of 100 meters or more in length shall, in addition, be provided with a gong, the tone and sound of which cannot be confused with that of the bell. The whistle, bell and gong shall comply with current U.S. Coast Guard specifications. The bell or gong or both may be replaced by other equipment having the same respective sound characteristics, provided that manual sounding of the prescribed signals shall always be possible.

(2) A vessel of less than 12 meters in length shall not be obliged to carry the sound signaling appliances prescribed in section (1) of this rule but if it does not, the vessel shall be provided with some other means of making an efficient sound signal.

Stat. Auth: ORS 830
Stats. Implemented: ORS 830.230
Hist.: MB 15-1983, f. 11-29-83, ef. 12-1-83; Renumbered from 250-013-0005, OSMB 5-2015, f. 6-26-15, cert. ef. 7-1-15

250-011-0200

Maneuvering and Warning Signals

(1) When power-driven vessels are in sight of one another and meeting or crossing at a distance within half a mile of each other, each vessel underway, when maneuvering as authorized or required by these rules:

(a) Shall indicate that maneuver by the following signals on its whistle: one short blast to mean "I intend to leave you on my port side"; two short blasts to mean "I intend to leave you on my starboard side"; and three short blasts to mean "I am operating astern propulsion";

(b) Upon hearing the one or two blast signal the other shall, if in agreement, sound the same whistle signal and take the steps necessary to effect a safe passing. If, however, from any cause, the vessel doubts the safety of the proposed maneuver, it shall sound the danger signal specified in section (4) of this rule and each vessel shall take appropriate precautionary action until a safe passing agreement is made.

(2) A vessel may supplement the whistle signals prescribed in section (1) of this rule by light signals:

(a) These signals shall have the following significance: one flash to mean "I intend to leave you on my port side"; two flashes to mean "I intend to leave you on my starboard side"; three flashes to mean "I am operating astern propulsion";

(b) The duration of each flash shall be about one second; and

(c) The light used for this signal shall, if fitted, be one all-round white or yellow light, visible at a minimum range of two miles, synchronized with the whistle, and shall comply with current U.S. Coast Guard specifications.

(3) When in sight of one another:

(a) A power-driven vessel intending to overtake another power-driven vessel shall indicate its intention by the following signals on its whistle: one short blast to mean "I intend to overtake you on your starboard side"; two short blasts to mean "I intend to overtake you on your port side"; and

(b) The power-driven vessel about to be overtaken shall, if in agreement, sound a similar sound signal. If in doubt it shall sound the danger signal prescribed in section (4) of this rule.

(4) When vessels in sight of one another are approaching each other and from any cause either vessel fails to understand the intentions or actions of the other, or is in doubt whether sufficient action is being taken by the other to avoid collision, the vessel in doubt shall immediately indicate such doubt by giving at least five short and rapid blasts on the whistle. This signal may be supplemented by a light signal of at least five short and rapid flashes.

(5) A vessel nearing a bend or an area of a channel or fairway where other vessels may be obscured by an intervening obstruction shall sound one prolonged blast. This signal shall be answered with a prolonged blast by an approaching vessel that may be within hearing around the bend or behind the intervening obstruction.

(6) If whistles are fitted on a vessel at a distance apart of more than 100 meters, one whistle only shall be used for giving maneuvering and warning signals.

(7) When a power-driven vessel is leaving a dock or berth, it shall sound one prolonged blast

(8) A vessel that reaches agreement with another vessel in a meeting, crossing, or overtaking situation by using the radiotelephone as prescribed by the Federal Bridge-to-Bridge Radio-Telephone Act (85 Stat. 165; 33 U.S.C. 1207), is not obliged to sound the whistle signals prescribed by this rule, but may do so. If agreement is not reached, then whistle signals shall be exchanged in a timely manner and shall prevail.

Stat. Auth: ORS 830
Stats. Implemented: ORS 830.230 & ORS 830.250
Hist.: MB 15-1983, f. 11-29-83, ef. 12-1-83; Renumbered from 250-013-0010, OSMB 5-2015, f. 6-26-15, cert. ef. 7-1-15

250-011-0220

Sound Signals in Restricted Visibility

In or near an area of restricted visibility, whether by day or night, the signals prescribed in this rule shall be used as follows:

(1) A power-driven vessel making way through the water shall sound at intervals of not more than two minutes one prolonged blast.

(2) A power-driven vessel underway but stopped and making no way through the water shall sound at intervals of not more than two minutes two prolonged blasts in succession with an interval of about two seconds between them.

(3) A vessel not under command; a vessel restricted in its ability to maneuver, whether underway or at anchor; a sailing vessel; a vessel engaged in fishing, whether underway or at anchor; and a vessel engaged in towing or pushing another vessel shall, instead of the signals prescribed in section (1) or (2) of this rule, sound at intervals of not more than two minutes, three blasts in succession; namely, one prolonged followed by two short blasts.

(4) A vessel towed or if more than one vessel is towed the last vessel of the tow, if manned, shall at intervals of not more than two minutes sound four blasts in succession; namely, one prolonged followed by three short blasts. When practicable, this signal shall be made immediately after the signal made by the towing vessel.

(5) When a pushing vessel and a vessel being pushed ahead are rigidly connected in a composite unit they shall be regarded as a power-driven vessel and shall give the signals prescribed in section (1) or (2) of this rule.

(6) A vessel at anchor shall at intervals of not more than one minute ring the bell rapidly for about five seconds. In a vessel of 100 meters or more in length the bell shall be sounded in the forepart of the vessel and immediately after the ringing of the bell the gong shall be sounded rapidly for about five seconds in the after part of the vessel. A vessel at anchor may in addition sound three blasts in succession; namely, one short, one prolonged and one short blast, to give warning of its position and of the possibility of collision to an approaching vessel.

(7) A vessel aground shall give the bell signal and if required the gong signal prescribed in section (6) of this rule and shall, in addition, give three separate and distinct strokes on the bell immediately before and after the rapid ringing of the bell. A vessel aground may in addition sound an appropriate whistle signal.

(8) A vessel of less than 12 meters in length shall not be obliged to give the above-mentioned signals but, if it does not, shall make some other efficient sound signals at intervals of not more than two minutes.

(9) A pilot vessel when engaged on pilotage duty may in addition to the signals prescribed in section (1), (2) or (6) of this rule sound an identity signal consisting of four short blasts.

(10) The following vessels shall not be required to sound signals as prescribed in section (6) of this rule when anchored in a special anchorage area designated by the United States Secretary of Transportation:

(a) A vessel of less than 20 meters in length; and

(b) A barge, canal boat, scow, or other nondescript craft.

Stat. Auth: ORS 830
Stats. Implemented: ORS 830.230
Hist.: MB 15-1983, f. 11-29-83, ef. 12-1-83; Renumbered from 250-013-0015, OSMB 5-2015, f. 6-26-15, cert. ef. 7-1-15

250-011-0230

Signals to Attract Attention

If necessary to attract the attention of another vessel, any vessel may make light or sound signals that cannot be mistaken for any signal authorized elsewhere in this division, or may direct the beam of its searchlight in the direction of the danger, in such a way as not to embarrass any vessel.

Stat. Auth: ORS 830
Stats. Implemented: ORS 830.225, ORS 830.230 & ORS 830.250
Hist.: MB 15-1983, f. 11-29-83, ef. 12-1-83; Renumbered from 250-013-0020, OSMB 5-2015, f. 6-26-15, cert. ef. 7-1-15

The official copy of an Oregon Administrative Rule is contained in the Administrative Order filed at the Archives Division, 800 Summer St. NE, Salem, Oregon 97310. Any discrepancies with the published version are satisfied in favor of the Administrative Order. The Oregon Administrative Rules and the Oregon Bulletin are copyrighted by the Oregon Secretary of State. Terms and Conditions of Use

Oregon State Archives • 800 Summer St. NE • Salem, OR 97310