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DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY

 

DIVISION 242

RULES APPLICABLE TO THE PORTLAND AREA

Employee Commute Options Program

340-242-0010

What is the Employee Commute Options Program?

(1) The Employee Commute Options or "ECO" Program requires larger employers to provide commute options to encourage employees to reduce auto trips to the work site.

(2) ECO is one of several strategies included in the Ozone Maintenance Plan for the Portland Air Quality Maintenance Area. The Ozone Maintenance Plan will keep the area in compliance with the federal ozone standard.

NOTE: This rule is included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan as adopted by the Environmental Quality Commission under OAR 340-200-0040.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.363
Hist.: DEQ 17-1996, f. & cert. ef. 8-14-96; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-030-0800; DEQ 3-2007, f. & cert. ef. 4-12-07

340-242-0020

Who is Subject to ECO?

ECO applies to employers within the Portland Air Quality Maintenance Area (AQMA) with more than 100 employees at a work site. The Portland Air Quality Maintenance Area is defined in Oregon Administrative Rules (OAR) 340-204-0010 and is illustrated in Figure 1.

NOTE: The term "employer," and several other terms, are used throughout these rules as defined in Definitions of Terms, OAR 340-242-0050.

NOTE: This rule is included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan as adopted by the Environmental Quality Commission under OAR 340-200-0040.

[ED. NOTE: Figures referenced are available from the agency.]

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.363
Hist.: DEQ 17-1996, f. & cert. ef. 8-14-96; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-030-0810; DEQ 3-2007, f. & cert. ef. 4-12-07

340-242-0030

What Does ECO Require?

Employers must provide commute options that have the potential to reduce employee commute auto trips by ten percent within three years of its baseline survey. Employers must continue to provide commute options that have the potential to achieve and maintain the reduced auto trip rate. Options are available for alternative emission reduction measures, credits for past actions, and exemptions.

NOTE: This rule is included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan as adopted by the Environmental Quality Commission under OAR 340-200-0040.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.363
Hist.: DEQ 17-1996, f. & cert. ef. 8-14-96; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-030-0820; DEQ 3-2007, f. & cert. ef. 4-12-07

340-242-0040

How Does the Department Enforce ECO?

Enforcement procedures and civil penalties in OAR, chapter 340, division 12 apply. Under 340-012-0053(2) and 340-012-0054(2)(g), violations of the ECO rules are Class Two violations. Failure to achieve a ten percent trip reduction is not a violation; failure to make a good faith effort toward, or prepare and implement a plan designed to achieve, a ten percent trip reduction is a violation. Civil penalties are determined under 340-012-0045

NOTE: This rule is included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan as adopted by the Environmental Quality Commission under OAR 340-200-0040.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.363
Hist.: DEQ 17-1996, f. & cert. ef. 8-14-96; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-030-0830; DEQ 3-2007, f. & cert. ef. 4-12-07

340-242-0050

Definitions of Terms Used in These Rules

The definitions in OAR 340-200-0020, 340-204-0010 and this rule apply to 340-242-0010 through 340-242-0290. If the same term is defined in this rule and 340-200-0020 or 340-204-0010, the definition in this rule applies to 340-242-0010 through 340-242-0290.

(1) "AQMA" means the Portland Air Quality Maintenance Area.

(2) "Auto Trip" means a commute trip taken by vehicle to a work site.

(3) "Auto Trip Rate" means the number of commute vehicles arriving at a work site divided by the number of employees that report to the work site.

(4) "Baseline Auto Trip Rate" means the daily average auto trip rate established by the baseline survey.

(5) "Baseline Survey" means the employee survey administered at the beginning of the ECO program, or when a new or expanding employer becomes subject to the ECO rules, or when an employer relocates.

(6) "Car/Vanpool" means a motor vehicle occupied by two or more people traveling together for their commute trip that results in the reduction of a minimum of one auto trip.

(7) "Compressed Work Week" means a schedule in which employees work their regularly-scheduled number of hours in fewer days per week or over a number of weeks (for example, a 40-hour, 8 hours per day, Monday through Friday work week is compressed into a 40-hour, 10 hours a day, Monday through Thursday work week.).

(8) "Department" means the Oregon Department of Environmental Quality.

(9) "ECO Program" or "ECO Rules" means OAR 340-242-0010 through 340-242-0290.

(10) "Employee" means any person on the employer's payroll, full or part-time (part time is 80 or more hours per 28-day period), for at least six consecutive months at the same work site, including business owners, associates, partners, and partners classified as professional corporations.

(11) "Employer" means any person, business, educational institution, non-profit agency or corporation, government department or agency or other entity that employs more than 100 employees at a single work site.

(12) "Equivalent Emission Reduction" means a reduction of vehicle emissions, or other sources of volatile organic compounds (VOC) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) emissions, that results in a reduction of VOC and NOx emissions equal to the emission reduction resulting from one eliminated auto trip.

(13) "Metro" means the regional government agency that serves the Portland metropolitan area.

(14) "New Employer" means any employer establishing a work site within the Portland AQMA, or any employer within the Portland AQMA that expands employment at a single work site to more than 100 employees, after the effective date of the ECO rules.

(15) "Non-Scheduled Work Week" means a work week with no regular daily scheduled starting or ending time, no scheduled work days, or employees are on-call. This does not include employees working a traditional "8 to 5" job who may work on a flexible schedule.

(16) "Target Auto Trip Rate" means a rate ten percent less than the baseline auto trip rate.

(17) "Target Compliance Deadline" means the date by which employers must demonstrate progress toward achieving and maintaining their target auto trip rate. The initial target compliance deadline is three years following registration.

(18) "Telecommuting" means the employees perform regular work duties at home, or at a work center closer to home than to work, rather than commuting to work. The employees may telecommute full time, or commute to work on some days and telecommute on others.

(19) "Vehicle" or "Auto" means a highway vehicle powered by a gasoline or diesel internal combustion engine with fewer than sixteen adult passenger seating positions.

(20) "Work site" means a property that is owned or leased by an employer or employers under common control, including a temporary or permanent building, or grouping of buildings that are in actual physical contact or separated only by a private or public roadway or other right-of-way.

NOTE: This rule is included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan as adopted by the Environmental Quality Commission under OAR 340-200-0040.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.363
Hist.: DEQ 17-1996, f. & cert. ef. 8-14-96; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-030-0840; DEQ 3-2007, f. & cert. ef. 4-12-07

340-242-0060

Should All Employees at a Work Site Be Counted?

The count of employees at a work site must include:

(1) Employees from all shifts, Monday through Friday, during a 24-hour period, averaged over a 12-month period;

(2) Employees on the employer's payroll for at least six consecutive months at one work site; and

(3) Part-time employees assigned to a work site 80 or more hours per 28-day-period; but

(4) Excludes volunteers, disabled employees (as defined under the Americans with Disabilities Act), employees working on a non-scheduled work week, and employees required to use a personal vehicle as a condition of employment.

NOTE: This rule is included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan as adopted by the Environmental Quality Commission under OAR 340-200-0040.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.363
Hist.: DEQ 17-1996, f. & cert. ef. 8-14-96; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-030-0850

340-242-0070

What are the Major Requirements of ECO?

To comply with ECO, employers must:

(1) Conduct a baseline survey of employees to establish a baseline auto trip rate (or provide documentation of the current auto trip rate that is at least as accurate as a survey would provide);

(2) Calculate a target auto trip rate by reducing the baseline auto trip rate by 10 percent;

(3) Submit a registration form as supplied by the Department;

(4) Design and implement a trip reduction strategy that has the potential to achieve the target auto trip rate by the target compliance deadline and the potential to maintain the target auto trip rate;

(5) Either:

(a) Prepare and implement an auto trip reduction plan for each work site and submit the plan to the Department for approval; or

NOTE: Enforcement will be based upon implementing the approved plan, see OAR 340-242-0110.

(b) Provide written notice to the Department of participation in an equivalent commute trip reduction program.

NOTE: Enforcement will be based on good faith effort, see OAR 340-242-0180 and special requirements in OAR 340-242-0110.

(6) Survey employees every two years, report survey findings to the Department; and

(7) Continue to implement strategies to achieve or maintain the target auto trip rate.

NOTE: This rule is included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan as adopted by the Environmental Quality Commission under OAR 340-200-0040.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.363
Hist.: DEQ 17-1996, f. & cert. ef. 8-14-96; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-030-0860; DEQ 3-2007, f. & cert. ef. 4-12-07

340-242-0080

What are the Registration Requirements?

(1) Employers must submit a registration form to the Department on forms provided by the Department.

(2) Employers with multiple work sites may submit one application for all work sites.

(3) Baseline survey findings must be submitted with the registration form in the format described on the registration form.

NOTE: This rule is included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan as adopted by the Environmental Quality Commission under OAR 340-200-0040.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.363
Hist.: DEQ 17-1996, f. & cert. ef. 8-14-96; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-030-0870; DEQ 3-2007, f. & cert. ef. 4-12-07

340-242-0090

What are the Requirements for an Employee Survey?

(1) Employers may use the survey form provided by the Department or an alternate instrument. Any alternate survey instrument must be approved by the Department before use and must provide an opportunity for employees to indicate an interest in a carpool matching program;

(2) The employer must distribute the survey form to all employees and achieve a minimum response rate of 75 percent; If the employer cannot achieve the minimum response rate for follow-up surveys within a reasonable amount of time, the Department will assign a single occupant vehicle mode to the percentage of employees who did not respond up to the 75% rate;

(3) Employers with more than 400 employees at a work site may survey a statistically valid random sample of employees and must follow the Department's guidelines for random sampling;

(4) Survey forms must be distributed during the week following a typical work week for the employer and not bordering a holiday;

(5) The baseline survey must not be distributed to employees earlier than one year before reporting the results to the Department (older baseline surveys can be used to apply for credit, see OAR 340-242-0250);

(6) Follow-up surveys must not be distributed to employees earlier than 90 days before reporting the results to the Department;

(7) Employers must report survey findings to the Department every two years, and;

(8) An alternative method may be substituted for the survey. Alternative methods must be at least as accurate as survey findings and must be approved by the Department (such methods might include counting cars in an employee parking lot or conducting work site entrance verbal surveys).

NOTE: This rule is included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan as adopted by the Environmental Quality Commission under OAR 340-200-0040.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.363
Hist.: DEQ 17-1996, f. & cert. ef. 8-14-96; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-030-0880; DEQ 3-2007, f. & cert. ef. 4-12-07

340-242-0110

What If an Employer Does Not Meet the Target Auto Trip Rate?

(1) An employer with an approved plan who has fully implemented its plan yet has not achieved its target auto trip rate by the target compliance date, or does not maintain its target rate on biennial basis, must submit a revised plan within 60 days following the target compliance date in any given year. If an employer has not fully implemented its plan, the employer is subject to an enforcement action by the Department.

(2) An employer participating in an equivalent commute trip reduction program who does not achieve its target auto trip rate by the target compliance date must demonstrate that a good faith effort was made to achieve the target rate. Requirements for documenting good faith effort are described in 340-242-0180. The employer must also submit a trip reduction plan within 60 days following the target compliance date. If an employer cannot demonstrate that a good faith effort was made, the employer is subject to an enforcement action by the Department.

(3) An employer will not be required to submit further plan revisions to its initial plan if, after fully implementing two revisions, the target auto trip rate is not reached. The employer must maintain strategies identified in its plan, or revisions to that plan, that resulted in improvements to the auto trip rate.

NOTE: This rule is included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan as adopted by the Environmental Quality Commission under OAR 340-200-0040.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.363
Hist.: DEQ 17-1996, f. & cert. ef. 8-14-96; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-030-0900; DEQ 3-2007, f. & cert. ef. 4-12-07

340-242-0120

How Will Employers Demonstrate Progress Toward the Target Auto Trip Rate?

Employers must submit employee survey findings, including a calculated auto trip rate, to the Department. The Department will compare the reported auto trip rate with the employer's target auto trip rate.

NOTE: This rule is included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan as adopted by the Environmental Quality Commission under OAR 340-200-0040.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.363
Hist.: DEQ 17-1996, f. & cert. ef. 8-14-96; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-030-0910; DEQ 3-2007, f. & cert. ef. 4-12-07

340-242-0140

How Should Employers Account for Changes in Work Force Size?

The target auto trip rate remains constant regardless of changes in work force size. Employers experiencing an annual increase or decrease in the number of employees reporting to a work site must simply maintain the target auto trip rate.

NOTE: For example, an employer has 200 employees and 180 autos arriving at the work site. The employer's baseline auto trip rate is 180 autos/200 employees, or .90. The target auto trip rate is .90 minus 10 percent, or .81. The employer's work force increases to 300 employees. The target auto trip rate remains .81. In order to maintain the target auto trip rate, auto trips to the work site cannot exceed (300 X .81), or 243 trips. Similarly, if the employer's work force decreases to 100 employees, the target auto trip rate remains .81, and auto trips to the work site cannot exceed (100 X .81) or 81 trips.

NOTE: This rule is included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan as adopted by the Environmental Quality Commission under OAR 340-200-0040.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.363
Hist.: DEQ 17-1996, f. & cert. ef. 8-14-96; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-030-0930

340-242-0150

How Can an Employer Reduce Auto Commute Trips to a Work Site?

Employee commute option programs include, but are not limited to:

(1) Promoting carpool and vanpool programs;

(2) Offering transit subsidies;

(3) Establishing telecommuting opportunities;

(4) Offering compressed work week schedules;

(5) Providing an emergency ride home program;

(6) Sponsoring shuttle buses to and from transit terminals and/or during lunch hours for errands;

(7) Improving facilities to promote bicycle use;

(8) Establishing on-site amenities to decrease employees' need for a car at the work site;

(9) Discontinuing parking subsidies and charging all employees for parking.

NOTE: This rule is included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan as adopted by the Environmental Quality Commission under OAR 340-200-0040.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.363
Hist.: DEQ 17-1996, f. & cert. ef. 8-14-96; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-030-0940

340-242-0160

What Should Be Included in an Auto Trip Reduction Plan?

An auto trip reduction plan must include:

(1) The results of the baseline survey (or comparable documentation);

(2) Calculation of baseline and target auto trip rates;

(3) Any employee commute option programs currently in use at the work site;

(4) New commute options to be implemented at the work site that have the potential to achieve and maintain the target auto trip rate;

(5) Empirical evidence that the commute option(s) to be offered or supported by the employer have the potential to achieve and maintain the target auto trip rate (employers may reference the Department's report Alternatives to Single Occupant Vehicle Trips or provide equivalent documentation);

(6) Any unique aspects of the business or work site influencing the trip reduction strategies selected;

(7) A schedule for implementing each of the selected commute option measures;

(8) Any alternative emission reduction proposals prepared by the employer according to OAR 340-242-0240;

(9) The name, title, telephone number, and business mailing address of the person designated by the employer as the contact for the work site (contact person does not have to be located at the work site); and a signed statement certifying that the documents and information submitted in the plan are true and correct to the best of that person's knowledge.

NOTE: This rule is included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan as adopted by the Environmental Quality Commission under OAR 340-200-0040.

[Publications: Publications referenced are available from the agency.]

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.363
Hist.: DEQ 17-1996, f. & cert. ef. 8-14-96; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-030-0950; DEQ 3-2007, f. & cert. ef. 4-12-07

340-242-0170

When Will the Department Act on a Submitted Auto Trip Reduction Plan?

The Department will approve or notify the employer of deficiencies in a submitted auto trip reduction plan, based on the criteria in OAR 340-242-0160, within 90 days or the plan will be automatically approved. The employer will have 30 days to correct the deficiencies and resubmit the plan to the Department. Plan approvals will be documented by letter from the Department to the employer. Employers must submit any subsequent plan modifications to the Department for review and approval. If the employer objects to any condition or limitation in the Department's letter, the employer may request a contested case hearing before the Commission or its authorized representative. Such a request for hearing must be made in writing to the Director and received by the Department within 20 days of the date of mailing of the letter. Any subsequent hearing will be conducted pursuant to the provisions of ORS Chapter 183 and OAR 340, division 11.

NOTE: This rule is included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan as adopted by the Environmental Quality Commission under OAR 340-200-0040.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.363
Hist.: DEQ 17-1996, f. & cert. ef. 8-14-96; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-030-0960

340-242-0180

What is a Good Faith Effort?

Employers who participate in an equivalent commute trip reduction program and then fail to meet their target auto trip rates must demonstrate that a good faith effort was made to meet the target trip reduction. An employer must demonstrate good faith effort by submitting written documentation of the following:

(1) Employer established a baseline auto trip rate and corresponding target auto trip rate and conducted follow-up surveys to determine employee commute patterns and progress toward achieving the target trip reduction;

(2) Employer selected trip reduction strategies that had a reasonable likelihood of success based on documentation in the Department's report Alternatives to Single Occupant Vehicle Trips or equivalent documentation (for example, auto trip reduction experience by employers in a comparable region); and

(3) Employer fully implemented all selected strategies, or their equivalent, on a schedule that would have reasonably allowed the employer to achieve the target auto trip rate by the target compliance deadline.

NOTE: This rule is included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan as adopted by the Environmental Quality Commission under OAR 340-200-0040.

[Publications: Publications referenced are available from the agency.]

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.363
Hist.: DEQ 17-1996, f. & cert. ef. 8-14-96; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-030-0970; DEQ 3-2007, f. & cert. ef. 4-12-07

340-242-0190

How Does the ECO Program Affect New Employers, Expanding Employers and Employers Relocating within the Portland AQMA?

(1) An expanding employer who increases the number of employees at any single work site within the Portland AQMA to more than 100 after the effective date of the ECO rules must comply with the ECO rules. An employer relocating a work site within the Portland AQMA is considered a new employer upon relocation and must set a new baseline and target auto trip rate and comply with the ECO rules. Relocating employers may apply for credit for existing trip reductions that carry over to the new work site. Expanding employers and new employers must meet the requirements of this rule within the following number of days after they become affected employers:

(a) Survey employees and submit survey findings and a registration form within 90 days;

(b) Select strategies that have the potential to meet the target trip reduction and submit a trip reduction plan or notice of intent to reduce trips without an approved plan within 180 days; and

(c) Conduct follow-up surveys every two years and report findings to the Department within 90 days of surveying.

(2) An employer affected by this rule may choose to demonstrate compliance through 340-242-0260(5) (use of area average rate).

NOTE: This rule is included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan as adopted by the Environmental Quality Commission under OAR 340-200-0040.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.363
Hist.: DEQ 17-1996, f. & cert. ef. 8-14-96; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-030-0980; DEQ 3-2007, f. & cert. ef. 4-12-07

340-242-0200

Can a New or Relocating Employer Comply with ECO Through Restricted Parking Ratios?

An employer locating at a work site within the AQMA after the effective date of the ECO rules will be exempt from the ECO rules for that work site if:

(1) The new work site meets the requirements of the Department's Voluntary Parking Ratio rules (OAR 340-242-0300 through 340-242-0390); or

(2) If the employer provides free or subsidized parking, including leased parking, above the Department's maximum parking ratio to any employees at the work site (except to employees required to have a vehicle at the work site as a condition of employment), then either:

(a) A transportation allowance is offered to those employees provided free or subsidized parking that exceeds the Department's maximum parking ratio. The transportation allowance must be offered in lieu of the free or subsidized parking in an amount equal to or greater than the amount of the subsidy, but not to exceed the maximum allowed for transit by the Internal Revenue Service for the Qualified Transportation Fringe Benefits included under Section 132(F), Notice 94-3 of the tax code; or

(b) All employees at the work site are offered a transit subsidy or its equivalent at least equal to 50 percent of the value of a Tri-Met all-zone transit pass.

(3) An employer must submit this documentation with an exemption application to the Department by the deadline for plan or notice submittal and certify that they continue to meet these requirements every two years. Employers meeting the requirements of this rule do not need to conduct a baseline survey of employees. However, employers whose applications are denied must then conduct a baseline survey and submit the findings to the Department within 90 days of notice by the Department.

NOTE: This rule is included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan as adopted by the Environmental Quality Commission under OAR 340-200-0040.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.363
Hist.: DEQ 17-1996, f. & cert. ef. 8-14-96; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-030-0990; DEQ 3-2007, f. & cert. ef. 4-12-07

340-242-0210

Can an Existing Employer Comply with ECO Through Restricted Parking Ratios?

An employer will be considered to have met the target trip reduction and is exempt from the ECO rules if the employer provides documentation of the following. An employer must submit this documentation with an exemption application to the Department by the deadline for plan or notice submittal and certify that they continue to meet these requirements every two years. Employers meeting the requirements of this rule do not need to conduct a baseline survey of employees. However, employers whose applications are denied must then conduct a baseline survey and submit the findings to the Department within 90 days of notice by the Department.

(1) Work site is located in an area with maximum parking ratio requirements at least as stringent as the Department's maximum parking ratios (see OAR 340-242-0300 through 340-242-0390);

(2) Free or subsidized all-day parking is generally unavailable within a one-half mile radius of the work site; and

(3) If the employer provides free or subsidized parking, including leased parking, above the Department's maximum parking ratio to any employees at the work site (except to employees required to have a vehicle at the work site as a condition of employment), then either:

(a) A transportation allowance is offered to those employees provided free or subsidized parking that exceeds the Department's maximum parking ratio. The transportation allowance must be offered in lieu of the free or subsidized parking in an amount equal to or greater than the amount of the subsidy, but not to exceed the maximum allowed for transit by the Internal Revenue Service for the Qualified Transportation Fringe Benefits included under Section 132(F), Notice 94-3 of the tax code; or

(b) All employees at the work site are offered a transit subsidy or its equivalent at least equal to 50 percent of the value of a Tri-Met all-zone transit pass.

NOTE: This rule is included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan as adopted by the Environmental Quality Commission under OAR 340-200-0040.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.363
Hist.: DEQ 17-1996, f. & cert. ef. 8-14-96; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-030-1000; DEQ 3-2007, f. & cert. ef. 4-12-07

340-242-0220

What if an Employer Has More Than One Work Site Within the Portland AQMA?

(1) An employer with more than one work site in the Portland AQMA may average its target trip reduction among those work sites in the AQMA. An employer must survey all included work sites every two years. Survey findings may be reported in aggregate or separately.

(2) One trip reduction plan may be developed for all work sites of an individual employer, but strategies must be selected based on the specific transportation characteristics of each work site.

(3) Work sites with 100 or fewer employees may be included in the interest of averaging trip reductions among all work sites. Those work sites must then survey and findings must be included in the employer's report to the Department.

NOTE: This rule is included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan as adopted by the Environmental Quality Commission under OAR 340-200-0040.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.363
Hist.: DEQ 17-1996, f. & cert. ef. 8-14-96; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-030-1010; DEQ 3-2007, f. & cert. ef. 4-12-07

340-242-0230

Can Employers Submit a Joint Plan?

Different employers with work sites located near each other and with common transportation needs may develop a joint trip reduction plan for all affected work sites. The plan must address each work site individually and each employer is individually accountable for meeting all ECO requirements. Each employer must report survey findings for each specific work site, and the ten percent trip reduction target applies to each employer's work sites. Trip reductions may not be averaged among employers.

NOTE: This rule is included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan as adopted by the Environmental Quality Commission under OAR 340-200-0040.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.363
Hist.: DEQ 17-1996, f. & cert. ef. 8-14-96; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-030-1020

340-242-0240

Are There Alternatives to Trip Reduction?

Alternatives to trip reduction include:

(1) Employers may purchase surplus trip reductions from other employers required to comply with ECO to meet part or all of the target trip reduction. Surplus trips must be documented by survey before sale and must be maintained. The Department must approve proposed transactions prior to finalizing. The Department will confirm surplus trip transactions by letter to both employers.

(2) Employers may substitute equivalent emission reductions to meet their target trip reduction. Equivalent emission reduction proposals must be included in the employer's trip reduction plan or submitted with the notice of intent to comply without an approved plan. In order to receive credit as an equivalent emission reduction, the Department must review and approve proposals before an employer implements the strategy. Employers selecting equivalent emission reduction strategies must meet the following requirements:

(a) Employer sufficiently documented emission calculations so that the Department can quantify and verify the reduction;

(b) Employer calculated equivalent emissions according to guidelines issued by the Department. The Department must approve any alternate or modified calculation methods;

(c) Employer submits, on the same schedule as the biennial survey findings, documentation of actual equivalent emissions achieved;

(d) Equivalent emission reductions may not be bought or sold between employers for the purpose of meeting the target trip reduction.

(3) Employers may contribute to an emission reduction fund at an annual rate of $100 per employee at the work site (see OAR 340-242-0060 to determine count of employees). An employer making partial progress toward the target trip reduction may choose to contribute proportionate to the percentage of the target trip reduction yet to be achieved. The emission reduction fund will be administered through Metro for new transit service, local jurisdiction alternative mode projects, and business-based Transportation Management Association (TMA) programs that result in trip reductions. Employers must make annual payments over the compliance period. The amount will be adjusted annually according to the Consumer Price Index.

NOTE: This rule is included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan as adopted by the Environmental Quality Commission under OAR 340-200-0040.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.363
Hist.: DEQ 17-1996, f. & cert. ef. 8-14-96; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-030-1030; DEQ 3-2007, f. & cert. ef. 4-12-07

340-242-0250

What Alternatives Qualify as Equivalent Emission Reductions?

Equivalent emission reduction alternatives at the work site include, but are not limited to, the following:

(1) Use of alternative fueled vehicles (employer or employee vehicles);

(2) Vehicle scrappage (older high-emitting employee or employer vehicles);

(3) Forklift replacement (lower emitting technology);

(4) Lawn mower replacement (may include lawn mowers employees use at home if home is located within the Portland AQMA);

(5) Motor boat motor replacement (may include motor boats owned by employees who live within the Portland AQMA);

(6) Reductions in air pollution emissions from non-vehicle sources at the work site;

(7) Reductions in non-commute vehicle traffic to the work site or within the work site.

NOTE: This rule is included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan as adopted by the Environmental Quality Commission under OAR 340-200-0040.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.363
Hist.: DEQ 17-1996, f. & cert. ef. 8-14-96; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-030-1040

340-242-0260

Can Employers Get Credit for Existing Trip Reduction Programs?

The Department may grant credits for documented trip reductions that occurred at an employer's work site any time before establishing a baseline auto trip rate. Credits will be granted upon approval by the Department. The Department will approve or deny the employer's request for credit by letter to the employer. If the employer objects to any condition or limitation in that letter, the employer may request a contested case hearing as described in OAR 340-242-0170.

(1) Employers must demonstrate that pre-existing trip reduction programs resulted in actual trip reductions by providing:

(a) A description of the trip reduction programs and how they were implemented;

(b) The period of time that the programs have been in place;

(c) Survey findings or comparable documentation that demonstrates a ten percent reduction in the auto trip rate for the work site; and

(d) Current survey findings or comparable documentation verifying the employer has maintained the reduced auto trip rate.

(2) Applications for credits must be submitted to the Department with the trip reduction plan or notice of intent to reduce trips through participation in an equivalent commute trip reduction program.

(3) Credits will not be discounted and will be granted on a one-for-one basis.

(4) Trips documented for the purpose of receiving credits may not be bought or sold to other employers for the purpose of meeting the target trip reduction.

(5) Alternately, an employer may choose to provide documentation that its single occupant vehicle commute rate, at the time of registration, is equal to or less than two standard deviations below the mean rate for the Metro transportation zone which includes the employer's work site. Commute data for Metro's transportation zones is available from the Department.

NOTE: This rule is included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan as adopted by the Environmental Quality Commission under OAR 340-200-0040.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.363
Hist.: DEQ 17-1996, f. & cert. ef. 8-14-96; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-030-1050; DEQ 3-2007, f. & cert. ef. 4-12-07

340-242-0270

Are Exemptions Allowed if an Employer is Unable to Reduce Trips or Take Advantage of Alternate Compliance Options?

(1) An employer is fully exempt from OAR 340-242-0010 through 340-242-0290 if the employer submits reasonable documentation for each of the following:

(a) Work site is located in an area for which:

(A) Public transit service during work shift changes is less frequent than thirty minute intervals; or

(B) The public transit service point is further than one-half mile from employee's usual parking area; or

(C) Work shift changes occur between 8:30 p.m. and 5:30 a.m.

(b) Upon completing the employee survey and providing reasonable promotion for a carpool matching program, employees indicating a willingness to car/vanpool cannot be matched within the work site or through Tri-Met's carpool matching database or employee turnover rate is greater than 50 percent per year;

(c) The nature of employees' work requires them to perform their work at the work site or during specific hours and days, eliminating the possibility of telecommuting or compressed work weeks/hours; and

(d) No options exist for the employer to achieve equivalent emission reductions at no net annualized cost to the employer (including both capital and operating costs).

(2) Partial exemptions.

(a) The Department will grant a partial exemption for that portion of an employer's work force for which sections (1)(a) through (c) of this rule apply;

(b) The Department will grant a partial exemption for section (1)(d) of this rule in direct proportion to the remaining work trips to be reduced after quantifying all available equivalent emission reductions.

(3) Employers must submit requests for partial or total exemptions to the Department, on application forms provided by the Department, by the deadline for plan or notice submittal. The Department will approve or deny the employer's request for exemption by letter to the employer. If the employer objects to any condition or limitation in that letter, the employer may request a contested case hearing as described in OAR 340-242-0170.

(4) Employers must renew requests for exemptions every three years.

NOTE: This rule is included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan as adopted by the Environmental Quality Commission under OAR 340-200-0040.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.363
Hist.: DEQ 17-1996, f. & cert. ef. 8-14-96; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-030-1060; DEQ 3-2007, f. & cert. ef. 4-12-07

340-242-0280

Participation in the Industrial Emission Management Program

Employers that donate unused Plant Site Emission Limit (PSEL) to the Department's Industrial Emission Management program (see OAR 340-242-0400 through 340-242-0440) are exempt from the ECO rules.

NOTE: This rule is included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan as adopted by the Environmental Quality Commission under OAR 340-200-0040.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.363
Hist.: DEQ 17-1996, f. & cert. ef. 8-14-96; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-030-1070; DEQ 3-2007, f. & cert. ef. 4-12-07

340-242-0290

What Kind of Records Must Be Kept and for How Long?

Employers must maintain records at the work site or other central location within the Air Quality Maintenance Area for at least three years, and must make those records available to the Department upon request. Records must include:

(1) The contents and results of employee surveys or other information gathering efforts;

(2) A full description of all measures and incentives offered to employees and the associated employee responses;

(3) Other information associated with the development, implementation, evaluation, or modification of the trip reduction program.

NOTE: This rule is included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan as adopted by the Environmental Quality Commission under OAR 340-200-0040.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.363
Hist.: DEQ 17-1996, f. & cert. ef. 8-14-96; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-030-1080; DEQ 3-2007, f. & cert. ef. 4-12-07

Voluntary Maximum Parking Ratio Program

340-242-0300

What is the Voluntary Parking Ratio Program?

The Voluntary Parking Ratio Program encourages property owners to voluntarily locate and design facilities that need less parking by building in a more pedestrian, bicycle and transit friendly manner.

NOTE: These rules are included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan as adopted by the Environmental Quality Commission under OAR 340-200-0040.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.363
Hist.: DEQ 17-1996, f. & cert. ef. 8-14-96; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-030-1100

340-242-0310

Who Can Participate in the Voluntary Parking Ratio Program?

Any property owner constructing a new development or a re-development of an existing site that adds new building floor area and requires new parking spaces in the Portland Air Quality Maintenance Area (AQMA) for the specific land uses defined below in 340-242-0320

NOTE: These rules are included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan as adopted by the Environmental Quality Commission under OAR 340-200-0040.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.363
Hist.: DEQ 17-1996, f. & cert. ef. 8-14-96; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-030-1110

340-242-0320

Definitions of Terms and Land Uses

The definitions in OAR 340-200-0020, 340-204-0010 and this rule apply in 340-242-0300 through 340-242-0390. If the same term is defined in this rule and 340-200-0020 or 340-204-0010, the definition in this rule applies in 340-242-0300 through 340-242-0390.

(1) General Definitions:

(a) "AQMA" means the Portland Air Quality Maintenance Area as defined in OAR 340-204-0010.

(b) "CCTMP" means the Central City Transportation Management Plan as defined by ordinance number 169535 and resolution number 35472, adopted by City of Portland City Council December 6, 1995, effective January 8, 1996.

(c) "Department" means the Department of Environmental Quality.

(d) "Director" means the Director or the Director's designee.

(e) "Employee Commute Options Program" or "Employee Commute Options Rule" means OAR 340-242-0010 through 340-242-0290.

(f) "Gross Floor Area" means the total area expressed in square feet of all floors of a building that include halls, stairwells, elevator shafts, basements, mezzanines or upper floors but excludes structured parking. Gross floor area is measured to the outside surfaces of exterior wall.

(g) "Gross Leasable Area" means total building area expressed in square feet designed for tenant occupancy and exclusive use that includes basements, mezzanines or upper floors, but does not include stairwells, elevator shafts. Gross leasable area is measured to the inside surfaces of exterior walls. Gross leasable area is that area for which tenant pays rent; it is the area that produces income.

(h) "OAR" means Oregon Administrative Rules.

(i) "Parking Ratio Permit" means a permit in letter form issued by the Department, bearing the signature of the Director or designee, that specifies the property owner's requirements under the parking ratio program.

(j) "Parking Ratio Program" means the Voluntary Parking Ratio Program, OAR 340-242-0300 through 340-242-0390.

(k) "Parking Space" means any off-street area of space below, above or at ground level, open or enclosed that is used for parking one motor vehicle at a time. If the property owner intends to stack cars (valet parking) on-site and off-site, the total area or areas used for parking must be calculated as parking spaces, not just the striped parking spaces. This does not include handicapped parking spaces officially designated pursuant to the Americans with Disabilities Act.

(l) "Property Owner" means individual, corporation, partnership, limited partnership (reflecting the proposed development), association, government, firm or joint stock company who owns title to real property.

(2) Land Use Definitions:

(a) "Bank with Drive-In and Walk-In" means banking facilities for motorists remaining in a vehicle and for someone walking into the building.

(b) "Commercial Retail" means either a free standing store or an integrated group of retail establishments planned, developed and managed as a unit. These retail facilities offer a variety of products, but do not include a separate grocery store.

(c) "Fast-food Restaurant with Drive-In Window" means a fast food restaurant with motor vehicle drive-in window order service.

(d) "General Office" means an office usually housing single or multiple tenants including, but not limited to, professional services; characterized by landscaped office park or campus-type atmosphere; a group of buildings where the tenant space is flexible to house a variety of uses including, but not limited to, start-up companies or small mature companies that require a variety of space, such as research and development, engineering, or biotechnology; or a facility that houses one or more agencies of city, county, state, federal or other governmental unit. These facilities may also include tenant and support services including, but not limited to, banks, restaurants and other small retail support services.

(e) "Light Industrial, Industrial Park, Manufacturing" means an area containing a number of industrial or related facilities such as office, warehouse, research and associated functions, manufacturing and fabrication; facilities that are diversified which may have a large number of small businesses and others with one or two dominant industries; or facilities with features including, but not limited to, craneways, heavy power, grade and/or dock level doors.

(f) "Medical Clinic/Hospital/Dental Clinic" means a facility that provides diagnostic outpatient care and is equipped to provide prolonged in-patient medical care.

(g) "Movie Theater" means indoor cinemas showing motion pictures. Live stage performances are not included in this land use.

(h) "Other Restaurants" means other establishments serving food for immediate consumption that are not classified as fast food with drive-in.

(i) "Place of Worship" means church, synagogue or other religious facility.

(j) "Schools" means a facility attended by students, including senior high school, junior college, technical college and university levels.

(k) "Sports Club and Recreational Facilities" means a facility offering multiple types of fitness activities including, but not limited to, basketball, tennis, racquetball, volleyball and basketball courts, weight training, aerobics, jazzercise, running. The facility may also include a sauna, swimming pool, game rooms and/or meeting rooms.

(l) "Supermarket" means a retail store selling a complete assortment of food and food preparation materials, household items, and other retail items; may include pharmacies, delicatessens, and snack bars.

(m) "Tennis and Racquetball Courts" means a facility where the predominant activity is tennis courts and/or racquetball courts; it may include exercise facilities.

(n) "Warehouse" means a facility that is primarily devoted to the storage of materials, but may also include some office and maintenance areas.

NOTE: These rules are included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan as adopted by the Environmental Quality Commission under OAR 340-200-0040.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.363
Hist.: DEQ 17-1996, f. & cert. ef. 8-14-96; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-030-1160

340-242-0330

How Does a Property Owner Comply with the Voluntary Parking Ratio Program?

A property owner complies by building no more than the number of parking spaces specified by maximum parking ratios in OAR 340-242-0390 and obtaining a Parking Ratio Permit from the Department.

NOTE: These rules are included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan as adopted by the Environmental Quality Commission under OAR 340-200-0040.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.363
Hist.: DEQ 17-1996, f. & cert. ef. 8-14-96; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-030-1120

340-242-0340

What are the Incentives for Complying with the Voluntary Parking Ratio Program?

(1) Employers in the development receive an exemption from the Employee Commute Options program in OAR 340-242-0010 through 340-242-0290.

(2) Property owners who require other air and water permits from the Department receive priority permit processing.

NOTE: These rules are included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan as adopted by the Environmental Quality Commission under OAR 340-200-0040.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.363
Hist.: DEQ 17-1996, f. & cert. ef. 8-14-96; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-030-1130

340-242-0350

Why Do I Need a Parking Ratio Permit?

(1) The parking ratio permit formally documents the agreement with the Department to construct parking within the maximum parking ratio and it provides an enforcement mechanism if the property owner builds more parking without the Department's approval.

(2) The parking ratio permit formally exempts applicable employers from the Employee Commute Options rule requirements.

(3) The parking ratio permit formally provides priority permit processing for other air and water permits from the Department.

NOTE: These rules are included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan as adopted by the Environmental Quality Commission under OAR 340-200-0040.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.363
Hist.: DEQ 17-1996, f. & cert. ef. 8-14-96; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-030-1140

340-242-0360

What is Required to Obtain a Parking Ratio Permit?

Any property owner who chooses to limit construction of parking facilities at its site must submit the following information:

(1) A completed permit application form;

(2) Identification of the proposed land uses in OAR 340-242-0320;

(3) A map showing the location of the site;

(4) A site plan showing the location of the parking and the total number of parking spaces proposed;

(5) Quantification of the gross leasable area and gross floor area of the buildings proposed for the site and the associated parking ratio;

(6) Facts about design and location features that will allow the facility to meet the trip demand with less parking. This can be documented by completing the Department's Parking Ratio Checklist or providing similar documentation.

NOTE: These rules are included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan as adopted by the Environmental Quality Commission under OAR 340-200-0040.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.363
Hist.: DEQ 17-1996, f. & cert. ef. 8-14-96; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-030-1150

340-242-0370

How is the Parking Ratio Program Enforced?

(1) A Parking Ratio Permit is a written permit in letter form issued by the Department bearing the signature of the Director or his/her designee.

(2) The general permitting provisions of Oregon Administrative Rules, chapter 340, division 14 apply (issuance, renewal, denial, suspension), except that OAR 340-014-0025 (public notice requirement) does not apply.

(3) An employer is no longer exempt from the ECO rule requirements if the property owner fails to comply with the terms of the Parking Ratio letter permit.

NOTE: These rules are included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan as adopted by the Environmental Quality Commission under OAR 340-200-0040.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.363
Hist.: DEQ 17-1996, f. & cert. ef. 8-14-96; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-030-1170

340-242-0380

When Will the Department Act on a Submitted Permit Application?

(1) The Department will notify the applicant within 15 days of filing an application if further information is needed or if the application is complete.

(2) The Department will grant or deny a letter permit within 45 days of receiving a complete application.

NOTE: These rules are included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan as adopted by the Environmental Quality Commission under OAR 340-200-0040.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.363
Hist.: DEQ 17-1996, f. & cert. ef. 8-14-96; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-030-1180

340-242-0390

What are the Applicable Parking Ratios?

TABLE 1. [Table not included. See ED. NOTE.]

NOTE: These rules are included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan as adopted by the Environmental Quality Commission under OAR 340-200-0040.

[ED. NOTE: Table referenced is available from the agency.]

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.363
Hist.: DEQ 17-1996, f. & cert. ef. 8-14-96; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-030-1190

Industrial Emission Management Program

340-242-0400

Applicability

(1) OAR 340-242-0430 through 340-242-0440 apply to all new sources or modifications at existing sources that have increases of VOC or NOx equal to or greater than the SER and are located in the Portland Air Quality Maintenance Area .

(2) OAR 340-242-0430 and 340-242-0440 apply to new sources and modifications at existing sources that have increases of CO equal to or greater than the SER and are located within the Portland Metro area or outside the Portland Metro area but that will have a significant impact within the Portland Metro area.

NOTE: These rules are included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan that EQC adopted under OAR 340-200-0040.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020 & 468A.025
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.025
Hist.: DEQ 17-1996, f. & cert. ef. 8-14-96; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-030-0700; DEQ 3-2007, f. & cert. ef. 4-12-07; DEQ 7-2015, f. & cert. ef. 4-16-15

340-242-0410

Definition of Terms

The definitions in OAR 340-200-0020, 340-204-0010 and this rule apply in OAR 340-242-0400 through 340-242-0440. If the same term is defined in this rule and OAR 340-200-0020 or 340-204-0010, the definition in this rule applies in OAR 340-242-0400 through 340-242-0440.

(1) "PSEL" means the Plant Site Emission Limit of an individual regulated pollutant specified in an Air Contaminant Discharge Permit or Title V permit issued to a source by DEQ, pursuant to OAR 340 division 216 or 218.

(2) "Unused PSEL" means the difference between a source's actual emissions and its permitted level or PSEL in 1990 or 1992, whichever is lower, as determined through DEQ's emission inventory data.

(3) "Unused PSEL Donation Source" means any source that voluntarily returned to DEQ unused PSEL, as part of the Unused PSEL Donation Program in OAR 340-242-0420.

NOTE: These rules are included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation that EQC adopted under OAR 340-200-0040.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020 & 468A.025
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.025
Hist.: DEQ 17-1996, f. & cert. ef. 8-14-96; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-030-0710; DEQ 3-2007, f. & cert. ef. 4-12-07; DEQ 7-2015, f. & cert. ef. 4-16-15

340-242-0420

Unused PSEL Donation Program

(1) This program encourages owners or operators of VOC and NOx sources identified in OAR 340-242-0400(1) to donate unused PSEL to DEQ. Under this program, donations can be either permanent or temporary. For a source to participate in this program it must have entered into an agreement with DEQ prior to January 1, 2006.

(2) VOC sources donating at least 35 percent of their unused PSEL and NOx sources donating at least 50 percent of their unused PSEL will receive the following incentives and considerations from DEQ for participating in this program:

(a) Exemption from the Employee Commute Options (ECO) Program in OAR 340-242-0010 through 340-242-0290 for the duration of the Portland Ozone Maintenance plan;

(b) Priority permit processing for any required air quality permit;

(c) In accordance with OAR 340-242-0430 and 340-242-0440(1), priority use of up to 50 percent of any remaining growth allowance. This applies only to sources making permanent donations, pursuant to section (3); and

(d) Other considerations may be added to the donation agreement on a case-by-case basis, consistent with DEQ's rules and statutes.

(3) DEQ will adjust the PSEL of sources providing permanent donations to reflect the emissions donated. Permanent donations will result in adjustment to the source's baseline emission rate and PSEL, consistent with the definition of "major modification" under OAR 340-224-0025 and changes to PSELs required under 340-222-0035.

(4) Sources participating in this program must enter into a donation agreement with DEQ that identifies the commitments of both parties. Any such agreement is legally binding and enforceable.

NOTE: These rules are included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan that EQC adopted under OAR 340-200-0040.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020, 468A.025 & 468A.040
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.025 & 468A.040
Hist.: DEQ 17-1996, f. & cert. ef. 8-14-96; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-030-0720; DEQ 3-2007, f. & cert. ef. 4-12-07; DEQ 7-2015, f. & cert. ef. 4-16-15

340-242-0430

Industrial Growth Allowances

(1) This rule establishes industrial growth allowances for sources identified in OAR 340-242-0400. The amount of each growth allowance is defined in the SIP and is on file with DEQ.

(2) The owner or operator of a source subject to this division may obtain a portion of the respective growth allowance pursuant to OAR 340-242-0440.

(3) If no emissions remain in the respective growth allowance, the owner or operator must provide offsets as required under OAR 340 division 224.

NOTE: These rules are included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan that EQC adopted under OAR 340-200-0040.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020, 468A.025 & 468A.040
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.025 & 468A.040
Hist.: DEQ 17-1996, f. & cert. ef. 8-14-96; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-030-0730; DEQ 3-2007, f. & cert. ef. 4-12-07; DEQ 7-2015, f. & cert. ef. 4-16-15

340-242-0440

Industrial Growth Allowance Allocation

(1) The owner or operator of a source subject to this division may obtain a portion of any remaining emissions in the respective growth allowance in accordance with procedures described in the SIP that is on file with DEQ, and based on the following conditions:

(a) Access is on a first-come-first-served basis, based on the submittal date of a complete permit application;

(b) Unused PSEL donation sources that meet the donation criteria specified in OAR 340-242-0420(2) have priority access to their respective growth allowance as a "tie-breaker" over non-donation sources;

(c) Except as provided below, no single source may receive an emissions allocation of more than 1,000 tons of either VOC or NOx or more than 50% of any remaining growth allowance; and

(d) A single source must apply to the EQC to receive more than 1,000 tons of VOC or NOx, but in no case more than 50% of the remaining growth allowance. To apply, sources must submit air quality and other information as required by DEQ justifying its request and must include information on significant economic, employment, or other benefits to the Portland area that will result from the proposed source, and the availability of emissions offsets. DEQ will evaluate ozone levels and expected trends to determine whether the proposed facility poses any risk to maintaining compliance with the ozone air quality standard prior to making a recommendation to the EQC regarding the source application.

(2) The amount of the CO growth allowance that can be allocated is identified in the Portland Area Carbon Monoxide Maintenance Plan, Section 4.58 of Volume 2 of the SIP on file with DEQ.

NOTE: These rules are included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan that EQC adopted under OAR 340-200-0040.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020, 468A.025 & 468A.040
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.025 & 468A.040
Hist.: DEQ 17-1996, f. & cert. ef. 8-14-96; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-030-0740; DEQ 10-2004, f. & cert. ef. 12-15-04; DEQ 3-2007, f. & cert. ef. 4-12-07; DEQ 7-2015, f. & cert. ef. 4-16-15

Gasoline Vapors from Gasoline Transfer and Dispensing Operations

340-242-0500

Purpose and Applicability

(1) Gasoline vapors contribute to the formation of ozone. OAR 340-242-0500 through 340-242-0520 require the control of gasoline vapors from gasoline dispensing operations.

(2) OAR 340-242-0500 through 340-242-0520 apply to gasoline dispensing facilities located within Clackamas, Multnomah and Washington Counties.

NOTE: This rule is included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan that EQC adopted under OAR 340-200-0040.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020 & 468A.025
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.025
Hist.: DEQ 7-1991, f. & cert. ef. 5-7-91 (and corrected 6-7-91); DEQ 4-1993, f. & cert. ef. 3-10-93; DEQ 16-1996, f. & cert. ef. 8-14-96; DEQ 20-1998, f. & cert. ef. 10-12-98; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-022-0400; DEQ 1-2011, f. & cert. ef. 2-24-11; DEQ 7-2015, f. & cert. ef. 4-16-15

340-242-0510

Definitions

The definitions in OAR 340-200-0020, 340-204-0010 and this rule apply in 340-242-0500 through 340-242-0520. If the same term is defined in this rule and 340-200-0020 or 340-204-0010, the definition in this rule applies in 340-242-0500 through 340-242-0520.

(1) "Equivalent control" means the use of alternate operational and/or equipment controls for the reduction of gasoline vapor emissions, that have been approved by DEQ, such that the aggregate emissions of gasoline vapor from the facility do not exceed those from the application of defined reasonably available control technology.

(2) "Gasoline" means any petroleum distillate having a Reid vapor pressure of four pounds per square inch (28 kilopascals) or higher, used as a motor fuel.

(3) "Gasoline dispensing facility" means any site where gasoline is dispensed to motor vehicle, boat, or airplane gasoline tanks from stationary storage tanks.

(4) "Annual throughput" means the amount of gasoline transferred into or dispensed from a gasoline dispensing facility during 12 consecutive months.

(5) "Stage I vapor collection system" means a system where gasoline vapors are forced from a tank into a vapor-tight holding system or vapor control system through direct displacement by the gasoline being loaded.

(6) "Stage II vapor collection system" means a system where at least 90 percent, by weight, of the gasoline vapors that are displaced or drawn from a vehicle fuel tank during refueling are transferred to a vapor-tight holding system or vapor control system.

(7) "Substantially modified" means a modification of an existing gasoline-dispensing facility which involves the addition of one or more new stationary gasoline storage tanks or the repair, replacement or reconditioning of an existing tank.

(8) "Vapor control systems" means a system that prevents emissions to the outdoor atmosphere from exceeding 4.7 grains per gallon (80 grams per 1,000 liters) of petroleum liquid loaded.

NOTE: This rule is included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan that EQC adopted under OAR 340-200-0040.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020 & 468A.025
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.025
Hist.: DEQ 7-1991, f. & cert. ef. 5-7-91 (and corrected 6-7-91); DEQ 4-1993, f. & cert. ef. 3-10-93; DEQ 16-1996, f. & cert. ef. 8-14-96; DEQ 20-1998, f. & cert. ef. 10-12-98; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-022-0401; DEQ 7-2015, f. & cert. ef. 4-16-15

340-242-0520

General Provisions

(1) No owner and/or operator of a gasoline-dispensing facility may transfer or allow the transfer of gasoline into a motor vehicle fuel tank at gasoline-dispensing facilities located in Clackamas, Multnomah or Washington Counties whose annual throughput exceeds 600,000 gallons, unless the gasoline-dispensing facility is equipped with a stage II vapor collection system which must be approved by DEQ before it is installed.

NOTE: Underground piping requirements are described in OAR 340-150-0300 and 40 CFR 280.20(d). Systems installed according to Petroleum Equipment Institute Publication RP100, "Recommended Practices for Installation of Underground Liquid Storage Systems" or American Society of Mechanical Engineers Standard B31.4 "Pipeline Transportation Systems for Liquid Hydrocarbons and Other Liquids" are considered approved systems.

(2) Owners and/or operators of gasoline-dispensing facilities subject to stage II vapor collection requirements must:

(a) Install all necessary stage II vapor collection and control systems, and make any modifications necessary to comply with the requirements;

(b) Provide adequate training and written instructions to the operator of the affected gasoline-dispensing facility and the gasoline transport vehicle;

(c) Replace, repair or modify any worn or ineffective component or design element to ensure the vapor-tight integrity and efficiency of the stage II vapor collection systems; and

(d) Connect and ensure proper operation of the stage II vapor collection systems whenever gasoline is being loaded, unloaded or dispensed.

(3) Approval of a stage II vapor collection system by DEQ does not relieve the owner and/or operator of the responsibility to comply with other applicable codes and regulations pertaining to fire prevention, weights and measures and safety matters.

(4) Regarding installation and testing of piping for stage II vapor collection systems:

(a) Piping must be installed in accordance with standards in OAR 340 division 150;

(b) Piping must be installed by a licensed installation service provider pursuant to OAR 340 division 160; and

(c) Piping must be tested prior to being placed into operation by an installation or tank tightness testing service provider licensed pursuant to OAR 340 division 160.

(5) Test methods are based on methods used in other states with established stage II programs. See DEQ, Operations Division, for copies of the approved test methods.

NOTE: This rule is included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan that EQC adopted under OAR 340-200-0040.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020 & 468A.025
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.025
Hist.: DEQ 7-1991, f. & cert. ef. 5-7-91 (and corrected 6-7-91); DEQ 4-1993, f. & cert. ef. 3-10-93; DEQ 25-1994, f. & cert. ef. 11-22-94; DEQ 16-1996, f. & cert. ef. 8-14-96; DEQ 20-1998, f. & cert. ef. 10-12-98; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-022-0402; DEQ 15-2008, f. & cert. ef 12-31-08; DEQ 7-2015, f. & cert. ef. 4-16-15

Motor Vehicle Refinishing

340-242-0600

Applicability

OAR 340-242-0600 through 340-242-0630 apply to any person who owns, leases, operates or controls a motor vehicle refinishing facility in the Portland AQMA.

NOTE: This rule is included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan that EQC adopted under OAR 340-200-0040.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020 & 468A.025
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.025 & 468A.035
Hist.: DEQ 13-1995, f. & cert. ef. 5-25-95; DEQ 7-1999, f. 5-21-99, cert. ef. 7-12-99; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-022-0700; DEQ 7-2015, f. & cert. ef. 4-16-15

340-242-0610

Definitions

The definitions in OAR 340-200-0020, 340-204-0010 and this rule apply in 340-242-0600 through 340-242-0630. If the same term is defined in this rule and 340-200-0020 or 340-204-0010, the definition in this rule applies in 340-242-0600 through 340-242-0630.

(1) "High volume, low pressure spray", or "HVLP" means equipment used to apply coatings with a spray device which operates at a nozzle air pressure between 0.1 and 10 pounds per square inch gravity (psig).

(2) "Motor vehicle" means a vehicle that is self-propelled or designed for self-propulsion as defined in ORS 801.360.

(3) "Motor vehicle refinishing" means the application of surface coating to on-road motor vehicles or non-road motor vehicles, or their existing parts and components, except Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) coatings applied at manufacturing plants.

(4) "Motor vehicle refinishing coating" means any coating designed for, or represented by the manufacturer as being suitable for motor vehicle refinishing.

(5) "Motor vehicle refinishing facility" means a location at which motor vehicle refinishing is performed.

(6) "Non-road motor vehicle" means any motor vehicle other than an on-road motor vehicle. "Non-Road Motor Vehicle" includes, but is not limited to, fixed load vehicles, farm tractors, farm trailers, all-terrain vehicles, and golf carts as these vehicles are defined in ORS Chapter 801.

(7) "On-road motor vehicle" means any motor vehicle which is required to be registered under ORS 803.300 or exempt from registration under 803.305(5), 803.305(6), or 803.305(15) through 803.305(19). "On-Road Motor Vehicle" includes, but is not limited to: passenger cars, trucks, vans, motorcycles, mopeds, motor homes, truck tractors, buses, tow vehicles, trailers other than farm trailers, and camper shells.

(8) "Public highway" means every public way, road, street, thoroughfare and place, including bridges, viaducts and other structures open, used or intended for use of the general public for vehicles or vehicular traffic as a matter of right.

(9) "Vehicle" means any device in, upon or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a public highway and includes vehicles that are propelled or powered by any means.

NOTE: This rule is included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan that EQC adopted under OAR 340-200-0040.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020 & 468A.025
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.025
Hist.: DEQ 13-1995, f. & cert. ef. 5-25-95; DEQ 16-1996, f. & cert. ef. 8-14-96; DEQ 7-1999, f. 5-21-99, cert. ef. 7-12-99; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-022-0710; DEQ 7-2015, f. & cert. ef. 4-16-15

340-242-0620

Requirements for Motor Vehicle Refinishing in Portland AQMA

Except as provided in section (3), persons performing motor vehicle refinishing of on-road motor vehicles within the Portland AQMA must:

(1) Clean any spray equipment, including paint lines, in a device which:

(a) Minimizes solvent evaporation during the cleaning, rinsing, and draining operations;

(b) Recirculates solvent during the cleaning operation so the solvent is reused; and

(c) Collects spent solvent to be available for proper disposal or recycling; and

(2) Apply motor vehicle refinishing coatings by one of the following methods:

(a) High Volume Low Pressure spray equipment, operated and maintained in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations;

(b) Electrostatic application equipment, operated and maintained in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations;

(c) Dip coat application;

(d) Flow coat application;

(e) Brush coat application;

(f) Roll coat application;

(g) Hand-held aerosol cans; or

(h) Any other coating application method which can be demonstrated to effectively control VOC emissions, and which has been approved in writing by DEQ.

(3) This rule is not applicable to any person who performs motor vehicle refinishing without compensation, and who performs refinishing on two or fewer on-road motor vehicles, or portions thereof, in any calendar year.

NOTE: This rule is included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan that EQC adopted under OAR 340-200-0040.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020 & 468A.025
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.025 & 468A.035
Hist.: DEQ 13-1995, f. & cert. ef. 5-25-95; DEQ 7-1999, f. 5-21-99, cert. ef. 7-12-99; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-022-0740; DEQ 7-2015, f. & cert. ef. 4-16-15

340-242-0630

Inspecting and Testing Requirements

The owner or operator of any facility subject to OAR 340-242-0600 through 340-242-0630 must, at any reasonable time, make the facility available for inspection by DEQ.

NOTE: This rule is included in the State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan that EQC adopted under OAR 340-200-0040.

Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020 & 468A.025
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468.095, 468A.025 & 468A.035
Hist.: DEQ 13-1995, f. & cert. ef. 5-25-95; DEQ 7-1999, f. 5-21-99, cert. ef. 7-12-99; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-022-0760; DEQ 7-2015, f. & cert. ef. 4-16-15

The official copy of an Oregon Administrative Rule is contained in the Administrative Order filed at the Archives Division, 800 Summer St. NE, Salem, Oregon 97310. Any discrepancies with the published version are satisfied in favor of the Administrative Order. The Oregon Administrative Rules and the Oregon Bulletin are copyrighted by the Oregon Secretary of State. Terms and Conditions of Use

Oregon State Archives • 800 Summer St. NE • Salem, OR 97310