GENERAL DEFINITIONS AND RULEMAKING
Definitions for Chapter 461
Defined terms are often italicized throughout this chapter of rules. If a defined term is accompanied by a cross-reference to a rule defining the term, subsequent usages of that term in the same rule refer to the same definition cross-referenced earlier in the rule. In this chapter of rules, unless the context indicates otherwise:
(1) A reference to Division, Adult and Family Services Division (or AFS), Senior and Disabled Services Division (or SDSD), or any other agency formerly part of the Department of Human Services means the Department of Human Services (DHS), except:
(a) The rule in which reference occurs only regulates programs covered by chapter 461 of the Oregon Administrative Rules.
(b) OCCS medical program eligibility rules are in division 410-200 of Oregon Administrative Rules.
(2) "Address Confidentiality Program" (ACP) means a program of the Oregon Department of Justice, which provides a substitute mailing address and mail forwarding service for ACP participants who are victims of domestic violence (see section (25) of this rule), sexual assault, or stalking.
(3) "Adjusted income" means the amount determined by subtracting income deductions from countable (see section (18) of this rule) income (see OAR 461-140-0010). Specific rules on the deductions are in division 461-160 of Oregon Administrative Rules.
(4) "Adoption assistance" means financial assistance provided to families adopting children with special needs. "Adoption assistance" may be state or federally funded. Federal adoption assistance is authorized by the Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act of 1980 (Pub. L. No. 96-272, 94 Stat. 500 (1980)). State adoption assistance is authorized by ORS 418.330 to 418.335.
(5) "Assets" mean income and resources.
(6) "Basic decision notice" means a decision notice (see section (21) of this rule) mailed no later than the date of action given in the notice.
(7) "Branch office" means any Department or AAA (Area Agency on Aging) office serving a program covered by this chapter of rules.
(8) "Budgeting" means the process of calculating the benefit level.
(9) "Budget month" means the calendar month from which nonfinancial and financial information is used to determine eligibility (see section (28) of this rule) and benefit level for the payment month (see section (50) of this rule).
(10) "Cafeteria plan" means a written benefit plan offered by an employer in which:
(a) All participants are employees; and
(b) Participants may choose, cafeteria-style, from a menu of two or more cash or qualified benefits. In this context, qualified benefits are benefits other than cash that the Internal Revenue Service does not consider part of an employee's gross income. Qualified benefits include, but are not limited to:
(A) Accident and health plans (including medical plans, vision plans, dental plans, accident and disability insurance);
(B) Group term life insurance plans (up to $50,000);
(C) Dependent care assistance plans; and
(D) Certain stock bonus plans under section 401(k)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code (but not 401(k)(1) plans).
(11) "Capital asset" means property that contributes toward earning self-employment income, including self-employment income from a microenterprise (see section (43) of this rule), either directly or indirectly. A "capital asset" generally has a useful life of over one year and a value, alone or in combination, of $100 or more.
(12) "Caretaker" means an individual who is responsible for the care, control, and supervision of a child (see section (15) of this rule). The status of "caretaker" ends once the individual no longer exercises care, control, and supervision of the child for 30 days.
(13) "Caretaker relative" means:
(a) In the Pre-TANF, SFPSS, and TANF programs, a dependent child's father, mother, grandfather, grandmother, brother, sister, stepfather, stepmother, stepbrother, stepsister, uncle, aunt, first cousin, nephew, or niece who lives in a residence maintained by one or more of the relatives as the child's or the relative's own home.
(b) In all programs not covered under subsection (a) of this section, a caretaker (see section (12) of this rule) who meets the requirements of one of the following paragraphs:
(A) Is one of the following relatives of the dependent child (see section (23) of this rule):
(i) Any blood relative, including those of half-blood, and including first cousins, nephews, or nieces, and individuals of preceding generations as denoted by prefixes of grand, great, or great-great.
(ii) Stepfather, stepmother, stepbrother, and stepsister.
(iii) An individual who legally adopts the child and any individual related to the individual adopting the child, either naturally or through adoption.
(B) Is or was a spouse (see section (62) of this rule) of an individual listed in paragraph (A) of this subsection.
(C) Met the definition of "caretaker relative" under paragraph (A) or (B) of this subsection before the child was adopted (notwithstanding the subsequent adoption of the child).
(14) "Certification period" means the period for which an individual is certified eligible for a program.
(15) "Child" includes natural, step, and adoptive children. The term "child" does not include an unborn.
(a) In the ERDC program, a "child" need not have a biological or legal relationship to the caretaker but must be in the care and custody of the caretaker, must meet the citizenship or alien status requirements of OAR 461-120-0110, and must be:
(A) Under the age of 18; or
(B) Under the age of 19 and in secondary school or vocational training at least half time.
(b) In the GA, GAM, and OSIP programs, a "child" is an individual under the age of 18.
(c) In the OSIPM and QMB programs, "child" means an unmarried individual living with a parent (see section (49) of this rule) who is:
(A) Under the age of 18; or
(B) Under the age of 22 and attending full-time secondary, postsecondary or vocational-technical training designed to prepare the individual for employment.
(d) In the REF and REFM programs, a "child" is:
(A) An individual under the age of 18; or
(B) An individual who is 18 years of age and attending secondary school full-time or pursuing a GED full-time.
(16) "Community based care" is any of the following:
(a) Adult foster care — Room and board and 24 hour care and services for the elderly or for people with disabilities 18 years of age or older. The care is contracted to be provided in a home for five or fewer clients.
(b) Assisted living facility — A program approach, within a physical structure, which provides or coordinates a range of services, available on a 24-hour basis, for support of resident independence in a residential setting.
(c) In-home Services — Individuals living in their home receiving services determined necessary by the Department.
(d) Residential care facility — A facility that provides residential care in one or more buildings on contiguous property for six or more individuals who have physical disabilities or are socially dependent.
(e) Specialized living facility — Identifiable services designed to meet the needs of individuals in specific target groups which exist as the result of a problem, condition, or dysfunction resulting from a physical disability or a behavioral disorder and require more than basic services of other established programs.
(f) Independent choices — In-Home Services program wherein the participant is given cash benefits to purchase self-directed personal assistance services or goods and services provided pursuant to a written service plan (see OAR 411-030-0020).
(17) "Continuing benefit decision notice" means a decision notice that informs the client of the right to continued benefits and is mailed in time to be received by the date benefits are, or would be, received.
(18) "Countable" means that an available asset (either income or a resource) is not excluded and may be considered by some programs to determine eligibility.
(19) "Cover Oregon" means Oregon Health Insurance Exchange Corporation.
(20) "Custodial parents" mean parents who have physical custody of a child. "Custodial parents" may be receiving benefits as dependent children or as caretaker relatives for their own children.
(21) "Decision notice" means a written notice of a decision by the Department regarding an individual's eligibility for benefits in a program.
(22) "Department" means the Department of Human Services (DHS).
(23) "Dependent child" in the TANF program means the following:
(a) An individual who is not a caretaker relative (see section (13) of this rule) of a child in the household, is unmarried or married but separated, and is under the age of 18, or 18 years of age and a full time student in secondary school or the equivalent level of vocational or technical training; or
(b) A minor parent (see section (44) of this rule) whose parents have chosen to apply for benefits for the minor parent. This does not apply to a minor parent who is married and living with his or her spouse.
(24) "Disability" means:
(a) In the SNAP program, see OAR 461-001-0015.
(b) In the REF, SFPSS, TA-DVS, and TANF programs, for purposes other than determining eligibility:
(A) An individual with a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits the individual's ability to meet the requirements of the program; or
(B) An individual with a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities, a record of such impairment, or who is regarded as having such an impairment as defined by the Americans with Disabilities Act (42 USC 12102; 28 CFR 35.104).
(25) "Domestic violence" means the occurrence of one or more of the acts described in subsections (a) to (d) of this section between family members, intimate partners, or household members:
(a) Attempting to cause or intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly causing physical injury or emotional, mental, or verbal abuse.
(b) Intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly placing another in fear of imminent serious physical injury.
(c) Committing sexual abuse in any degree as defined in ORS 163.415, 163.425 and 163.427.
(d) Using coercive or controlling behavior.
(e) As used in this section, "family members" and "household members" mean any of the following:
(B) Former spouse;
(C) Individuals related by blood, marriage (see section (42) of this rule), or adoption;
(D) Individuals who are cohabitating or have cohabited with each other;
(E) Individuals who have been involved in a sexually intimate or dating relationship; or
(F) Unmarried parents of a child.
(26) "Domestic violence shelters" are public or private nonprofit residential facilities providing services to victims of domestic violence. If the facility serves other people, a portion must be used solely for victims of domestic violence.
(27) "Electronic application" is an application electronically signed and submitted through the Internet.
(28) "Eligibility" means the decision as to whether an individual qualifies, under financial and nonfinancial requirements, to receive program benefits.
(29) "Equity value" means fair market value (see section (30) of this rule) minus encumbrances.
(30) "Fair market value" means the amount an item is worth on the open market.
(31) "Family stability" in the JOBS, Pre-TANF, Post-TANF, SFPSS, TA-DVS, and TANF programs means the characteristics of a family that support healthy child development, including parental mental health, drug and alcohol free environment, stable relationships, and a supportive, flexible, and nurturing home environment.
(32) "Family stability activity" in the JOBS, Pre-TANF, Post-TANF, SFPSS, TA-DVS, and TANF programs means an action or set of actions taken by an individual, as specified in a case plan, intended to promote the ability of one or both parents to achieve or maintain family stability (see section (31) of this rule).
(33) "Financial institution" means a bank, credit union, savings and loan association, investment trust, or other organization held out to the public as a place receiving funds for deposit, savings, checking, or investment.
(34) "Income producing property" means any real or personal property that generates income for the financial group (see OAR 461-110-0530). Examples of "income producing property" are:
(a) Livestock, poultry, and other animals.
(b) Farmland, rental homes (including a room or other space in the home or on the property of a member of the financial group), vacation homes, condominiums.
(35) "Initial month" of eligibility means any of the following:
(a) In all programs, the first month a benefit group (see OAR 461-110-0750) is eligible for a program benefit in Oregon after a period during which the group is not eligible.
(b) In all programs except the SNAP program, the first month a benefit group is eligible for a program benefit after there has been a break in the program benefit of at least one full calendar month. If benefits are suspended for one month, that is not considered a break.
(c) In the SNAP program:
(A) The first month for which the benefit group is certified following any period during which they were not certified to participate, except for migrant and seasonal farm workers (see OAR 461-001-0015).
(B) For migrant and seasonal farmworkers, the first month for which the benefit group is certified following any period of one month or more during which they were not certified to participate.
(d) For a new applicant to the GA, GAM, OSIP, or OSIPM program applying for care in a nonstandard living arrangement (see section (45) of this rule), for the purposes of calculating the correct divisor in OAR 461-140-0296, the month in which the individual would have been eligible had it not been for the disqualifying transfer of assets (see section (5) of this rule).
(e) For a current recipient of the GA, GAM, OSIP, or OSIPM program receiving or applying for care in a nonstandard living arrangement, for the purpose of calculating the correct divisor in OAR 461-140-0296, the later of the following:
(A) The month the disqualifying transfer occurred.
(B) The month of application for long-term care (see section (40) of this rule) services if the individual would have been eligible had it not been for the disqualifying transfer of assets.
(36) "In-kind income" means income in a form other than money (such as food, clothing, cars, furniture, and payments made to a third party).
(37) "Legally married" means a marriage uniting two individuals according to:
(a) The statutes of the state where the marriage occurred;
(b) Except in the SNAP program, the common law of the state in which the two individuals previously resided while meeting the requirements for common law marriage in that state; or
(c) The laws of a country in which the two individuals previously resided while meeting the requirements for legal or cultural marriage in that country.
(38) "Life estate" means the right to property limited to the lifetime of the individual holding it or the lifetime of some other individual. In general, a "life estate" enables the owner of the "life estate" to possess, use, and obtain profits from property during the lifetime of a designated individual while actual ownership of the property is held by another individual. A "life estate" is created when an individual owns property and then transfers ownership to another individual while retaining, for the rest of the individual's life, certain rights to that property. In addition, a "life estate" is established when a member of the financial group purchases a "life estate" interest in the home of another individual.
(39) "Lodger" means a member of the household group (see OAR 461-110-0210) who:
(a) Is not a member of the filing group (see OAR 461-110-0310); and
(b) Pays the filing group:
(A) In all programs except the GA, GAM, OSIP, OSIPM, and QMB programs, for room and board.
(B) In the GA, GAM, OSIP, OSIPM, and QMB programs, for room with or without board.
(40) "Long term care" means the system through which the Department provides a broad range of social and health services to eligible adults who are aged, blind, or have disabilities for extended periods of time. This includes nursing homes and state hospitals (Eastern Oregon and Oregon State Hospitals).
(41) "Lump-sum income" means income received too infrequently or irregularly to be reasonably anticipated, or received as a one-time payment. "Lump-sum income" includes:
(a) Retroactive benefits covering more than one month, whether received in a single payment or several payments.
(b) Income from inheritance, gifts, winnings, and personal injury claims.
(42) "Marriage" means the union of two individuals who are legally married (see section (37) of this rule).
(43) "Microenterprise" means a sole proprietorship, partnership, or family business with fewer than five employees and capital needs no greater than $35,000.
(44) "Minor parent" in the ERDC and TANF programs means a parent under the age of 18.
(45) "Nonstandard living arrangement" is defined as follows:
(a) In the GA, GAM, OSIP, OSIPM, and QMB programs, an individual is considered to be in a "nonstandard living arrangement" when the individual is applying for or receiving services in any of the following locations:
(A) A nursing facility in which the individual receives long-term care services paid with Medicaid funding, except this subsection does not apply to a Medicare client in a skilled-stay nursing facility.
(B) An intermediate care facility for the mentally retarded (ICF/MR).
(C) A psychiatric institution, if the individual is not yet 21 years of age or has reached the age of 65.
(D) A community based care (see section (16) of this rule) setting, except a State Plan Personal Care (SPPC) setting is not considered a "nonstandard living arrangement".
(b) In all programs except GA, GAM, OSIP, OSIPM, and QMB, "nonstandard living arrangement" means each of the following locations:
(A) Foster care.
(B) Residential Care facility.
(C) Drug or alcohol residential treatment facility.
(D) Homeless or domestic violence shelter.
(E) Lodging house if paying for room and board.
(F) Correctional facility.
(G) Medical institution.
(46) "OCCS" is the Office of Client and Community Services, part of the Medical Assistance Programs under the Oregon Health Authority responsible for OCCS medical program eligibility policy, community outreach, OCCS Medical Program eligibility determinations, and the OHA Customer Service Call Center.
(47) "OCCS Medical Programs" refers to programs for which eligibility policy can be found in division 410-200 of Oregon Administrative Rules, and includes CEC, CEM, MAA, MAF, EXT, OHP, Substitute Care, BCCTP, and MAGI Medicaid/CHIP programs, including:
(a) MAGI Adult;
(b) MAGI Child;
(c) MAGI Parent or Other Caretaker Relative;
(d) MAGI Pregnant Woman; and
(e) MAGI CHIP.
(48) "Ongoing month" means one of the following:
(a) For all programs except the SNAP program, any month following the initial month (see section (35) of this rule) of eligibility, if there is no break in the program benefit of one or more calendar months.
(b) For the SNAP program, any month in the certification period (see section (14) of this rule) following the initial month of eligibility.
(49) "Parent" for all programs except the JPI and SNAP programs, means the biological or legal mother or father of an individual or unborn child. For the SNAP program, a "parent" means the biological or legal mother or father of an individual. For the JPI program, a "parent" means the biological or legal mother or father of a child under the age of 18.
(a) If the mother lives with a male and either she or the male claims that he is the father of the child or unborn, and no one else claims to be the father, he is treated as the father even if paternity has not been legally established.
(b) A stepparent relationship exists if:
(A) The individual is legally married to the child's biological or adoptive parent; and
(B) The marriage has not been terminated by legal separation, divorce, or death.
(c) A legal adoption erases all prior legal and blood relationships and establishes the adoptive parent as the legal parent. However, the biological parent is also considered a "parent" if both of the following are true:
(A) The child lives with the biological parent; and
(B) The legal parent has given up care, control, and supervision of the child.
(50) "Payment month" means, for all programs except EA, the calendar month for which benefits are issued.
(51) "Payment period" means, for EA, the 30-day period starting with the date the first payment is issued and ending on the 30th day after the date the payment is issued.
(52) "Periodic income" means income received on a regular basis less often than monthly.
(53) "Primary person" for all programs except the SNAP program, means the filing group member who is responsible for providing information necessary to determine eligibility and calculate benefits. The "primary person" for individual programs is as follows:
(a) For the TANF program, the parent or caretaker relative.
(b) For the ERDC program, the caretaker.
(c) For SNAP, see OAR 461-001-0015.
(d) For the GA, GAM, OSIP, OSIPM, QMB, REF, and REFM programs: the client or client's spouse.
(54) "Qualified Partnership Policy" means a long-term care insurance policy meeting the requirements of OAR 836-052-0531 that was either:
(a) Issued while the individual was a resident in Oregon on January 1, 2008 or later; or
(b) Issued in another state while the individual was a resident of that state on or after the effective date of that state's federally approved State Plan Amendment to issue qualified partnership policies.
(55) "Real property" means land, buildings, and whatever is erected on or affixed to the land and taxed as "real property".
(56) "Reimbursement" means money or in-kind compensation provided specifically for an identified expense.
(57) "Safe homes" mean private homes that provide a few nights lodging to victims of domestic violence. The homes must be recognized as such by the local domestic violence agency, such as crisis hot lines and shelters.
(58) "Shelter costs" mean, in all programs except the SNAP program, housing costs (rent or mortgage payments, property taxes) and utility costs, not including cable TV or non-basic telephone charges. In the SNAP program, see OAR 461-160-0420.
(59) "Shelter-in-kind" means an agency or individual outside the financial group provides the shelter of the financial group, or makes a payment to a third party for some or all of the shelter costs (see section (58) of this rule) of the financial group. "Shelter-in-kind" does not include temporary shelter provided by a domestic violence shelter, homeless shelter, or residential alcohol and drug treatment facilities or situations where no shelter is being provided, such as sleeping in a doorway, park, or bus station.
(60) "Sibling" means the brother or sister of an individual. "Blood related" means they share at least one biological or adoptive parent. "Step" means they are not related by blood, but are related by the marriage of their parents.
(61) "Spousal support" means income paid (voluntarily, per court order, or per administrative order) by a separated or divorced spouse to a member of the financial group.
(62) "Spouse" means an individual who is legally married to another individual.
(63) "Stable income" means income that is the same amount each time it is received.
(64) "Standard living arrangement" means a location that does not qualify as a nonstandard living arrangement.
(65) "Teen parent" means, for TANF and JOBS, a parent under the age of 20 who has not completed a high school diploma or GED.
(66) "Timely continuing benefit decision notice" means a decision notice that informs the individual of the right to continued benefits and is mailed no later than the time requirements in OAR 461-175-0050.
(67) "Trust funds" mean money, securities, or similar property held by an individual or institution for the benefit of another individual.
(68) "USDA meal reimbursements" mean cash reimbursements made by the Oregon Department of Education for family day-care providers who serve snacks and meals to children in their care.
(69) "Variable income" means earned or unearned income that is not always received in the same amount each month.
Stat. Auth.: ORS 411.060, 411.070, 411.404,
411.816, 412.006, 412.014 & 412.049
Stats. Implemented: ORS 411.060, 411.070, 411.404, 411.816, 412.001, 412.006, 412.014 & 412.049
Hist.: AFS 28-1978, f. & ef. 7-13-78; AFS 54-1984, f. 12-28-84, ef. 1-1-85; AFS 21-1995, f. 9-20-95, cert. ef. 10-1-95; AFS 25-2000, f. 9-29-00, cert. ef. 10-1-00; AFS 27-2001, f. 12-21-01, cert. ef. 1-1-02; SSP 14-2005, f. 9-30-05, cert. ef. 10-1-05; SSP 14-2006, f. 9-29-06, cert. ef. 10-1-06; SSP 15-2006, f. 12-29-06, cert. ef. 1-1-07; SSP 4-2007, f. 3-30-07, cert. ef. 4-1-07; SSP 10-2007, f. & cert. ef. 10-1-07; SSP 11-2007(Temp), f. & cert. ef. 10-1-07 thru 3-29-08; SSP 14-2007, f. 12-31-07, cert. ef. 1-1-08; SSP 15-2007(Temp), f. 12-31-07, cert. ef. 1-1-08 thru 3-29-08; SSP 5-2008, f. 2-29-08, cert. ef. 3-1-08; SSP 8-2008, f. & cert. ef. 4-1-08; SSP 17-2008, f. & cert. ef. 7-1-08; SSP 23-2008, f. & cert. ef. 10-1-08; SSP 26-2008, f. 12-31-08, cert. ef. 1-1-09; SSP 5-2009, f. & cert. ef. 4-1-09; SSP 13-2009, f. & cert. ef. 7-1-09; SSP 29-2009(Temp), f. & cert. ef. 10-1-09 thru 3-30-10; Administrative correction 4-21-10; SSP 41-2010, f. 12-30-10, cert. ef. 1-1-11; SSP 25-2011, f. 9-30-11, cert. ef. 10-1-11; SSP 17-2012(Temp), f. & cert. ef. 5-1-12 thru 10-28-12; SSP 30-2012, f. 9-28-12, cert. ef. 10-1-12; SSP 22-2013(Temp), f. & cert. ef. 8-23-13 thru 2-19-14; SSP 24-2013, f. & cert. ef. 10-1-13; SSP 29-2013(Temp), f. & cert. ef. 10-1-13 thru 2-19-14; SSP 37-2013, f. 12-31-13, cert. ef. 1-1-14; SSP 39-2013(Temp), f. 12-31-13, cert. ef. 1-1-14 thru 6-30-14; SSP 9-2014, f. & cert. ef. 4-1-14; SSP 14-2014(Temp), f. & cert. ef. 6-26-14 thru 12-23-14; SSP 15-2014, f. & cert. ef. 7-1-14; SSP 18-2014(Temp), f. & cert. ef. 7-1-14 thru 12-23-14; SSP 24-2014, f. & cert. ef. 10-1-14; SSP 11-2015, f. 3-13-15, cert. ef. 4-1-15
Notice of Rulemaking
See the current version of OAR 407-001-0000 and 407-001-0005 which apply to notices of rulemaking for rules in Chapter 461.
Stat. Auth.: ORS 183.341, 411.060 & 418.100
Stats. Implemented: ORS 183.341, 411.060 & 418.100
Hist.: AFS 37-1995, f. 11-28-95, cert. ef. 12-1-95; AFS 25-2000, f. 9-29-00, cert. ef. 10-1-00; SSP 14-2005, f. 9-30-05, cert. ef. 10-1-05; SSP 8-2006, f. & cert. ef. 6-1-06
The following definitions apply to the rules of the SNAP program in chapter 461:
(1) Adult means an individual 18 years of age or older.
(2) A disabled individual or an individual with a disability means an individual who meets any of the following requirements:
(a) Receives SSI benefits under title XVI of the Social Security Act.
(b) Receives blindness or disability benefits under titles I, II, X, XIV, or XVI of the Social Security Act.
(c) Receives OSIP or other state or federal supplement under section 1616(a) of the Social Security Act based on disability or blindness criteria under title XVI of the Social Security Act.
(d) Receives state general assistance benefits based upon disability or blindness criteria under title XVI of the Social Security Act.
(e) Receives interim assistance pending receipt of SSI or receives disability-related medical assistance under title XIX of the Social Security Act.
(f) Receives a state or federally administered supplemental benefit under section 212(a) of Public Law 93-66.
(g) Receives an annuity payment under Section 2(a)(1)(iv) of the Railroad Retirement Act of 1974 and is determined to be eligible for Medicare by the Railroad Retirement Board.
(h) Receives an annuity payment under Section 2(a)(1)(v) of the Railroad Retirement Act of 1974 and meets the disability criteria used under title XVI of the Social Security Act.
(i) Receives VA benefits for non-service or service connected disability rated or paid as total under title 38 of the United States Code.
(j) Receives disability retirement benefits from a governmental agency because of a disability considered permanent under section 221(i) of the Social Security Act.
(k) Has a disability considered permanent under 221(i) of the Social Security Act section and is the surviving spouse or surviving child of a veteran and considered by the VA to be entitled to compensation for a service-connected death or pension benefits for a non-service connected death under title 38 of the United States Code.
(l) Is a veteran or surviving spouse of a veteran considered by the VA to be in need of Aid and Attendance benefits or permanently housebound under title 38 of the United States Code.
(m) Is a surviving child of a veteran and considered permanently incapable of self support under title 38 of the United States Code.
(3) Elderly means an individual 60 years of age or older.
(4) Employee means an individual who works for another in return for financial or other compensation such as rent, but does not include an independent contractor.
(5) Employer means a person that employs one or more individuals for wages, salary, or other compensation such as rent.
(6) Externship means a required period of supervised practice completed off campus or away from an individual's school of higher education (see OAR 461-135-0570) in order to complete the requirements for the individual's degree.
(7) Graduate assistantship means an appointment as a graduate student employee offering a financial payment to the graduate student for part-time work in teaching, administration, or research while the graduate student completes the academic requirements for an advanced degree at a school of higher education (see OAR 461-135-0570). A graduate assistantship includes such positions as graduate assistant, graduate research assistant, graduate teaching assistant, and graduate teaching associate.
(8) Graduate fellowship means a school of higher education (see OAR 461-135-0570) awarded program, targeted to a specific student group or field of study, that may be awarded based on academic need, academic record, or merit.
(9) Group living means a public or private nonprofit residential setting that serves no more than 16 residents and is certified by State of Oregon under regulations issued under section 1616(e) of the Social Security Act (42 U.SC. 1382e(e)). To be eligible for SNAP benefits, a resident of such a group living arrangement must be blind or have a disability.
(10) Head of household means a primary person.
(11) An individual is homeless if the individual does not have a fixed or regular nighttime residence or has a primary residence that is one of the following:
(a) A supervised shelter that provides temporary accommodations.
(b) A halfway house or residence for individuals who may become institutionalized.
(c) A temporary accommodation in another individual's or family's residence for 90 days or less.
(d) A place not designed to be or ordinarily used as a place for individuals to sleep, such as a hallway, bus station, or similar place.
(12) Internship means an official or formal program through a school of higher education (see OAR 461-135-0570) to provide practical experience for an individual beginning an occupation or profession.
(13) A migrant farmworker is an individual who regularly travels away from their permanent residence overnight, usually with a group of laborers, to seek employment in an agriculturally related activity. If any member of a SNAP household fits the definition of migrant farmworker at any time during the redetermination period, the household is budgeted according to the policy on migrant farmworkers.
(14) A primary person means:
(a) An adult in the filing group (see OAR 461-110-0370) who is designated by the group to serve as the primary person. Where there is no adult, the group can designate another responsible person in the filing group.
(b) Once the primary person has been designated, the filing group cannot choose a different individual to be the primary person during the same certification period (see OAR 461-001-0000) or during an OFSET or job quit disqualification period, unless there is a change in the composition of the household group (see OAR 461-110-0210).
(15) Seasonal farmworkers are individuals employed in agricultural employment of a seasonal or temporary nature. If any member of a SNAP household fits the definition of seasonal farmworker at any time during the redetermination period, the household is budgeted according to policy on seasonal farmworkers. Seasonal farmworkers are not required to be absent overnight from their permanent residence when:
(a) Employed on a farm or ranch performing field work related to planting, cultivation, or harvesting operations; or
(b) Employed in a canning, packing, ginning, seed conditioning, or related research or processing operation, and transported to or from the place of employment by means of a day-haul operation.
Stat. Auth.: ORS
Stats. Implemented: ORS 411.816 & 411.825
Hist.: SSP 15-2006, f. 12-29-06, cert. ef. 1-1-07; SSP 7-2007, f. 6-29-07, cert. ef. 7-1-07; SSP 5-2010, f. & cert. ef. 4-1-10; SSP 8-2013, f. & cert. ef. 4-1-13
Definitions; FS OFSET Components and Activities
The following definitions apply to rules about the SNAP OFSET program in chapter 461:
(1) Assessment: An activity that involves gathering information to identify a client's strengths, interests, family circumstances, status in the OFSET program, goals, and vocational aptitudes and preferences and to mutually determine an employment goal, the level of the client's participation in the OFSET program, and which support services are needed to be able to participate in the components and activities
(2) Basic education: A component intended to ensure functional literacy for all OFSET clients. Basic education activities are high school attendance, English as a second language (ESL) instruction, adult basic education (ABE) instruction, and services that result in obtaining a general equivalency diploma (GED).
(3) Case plan: The case plan (also called a personal plan or personal development plan) is a written outline, developed together by the client and case manager, with input from partners as appropriate, listing activities for the client. The components and activities are identified during the assessment and are intended to reduce the effect of barriers to the client's self-sufficiency, employment, job retention and wage enhancement. The case plan also identifies the support services the Department will make available to help the client complete the plan.
(4) English as a second language (ESL): An activity in the basic education component. ESL classes are designed to give clients with limited English proficiency better working skills in the language.
(5) Job search: A component that focuses on clients looking for and obtaining employment.
(6) Job skills training: A component that includes training designed to improve skills in locating and competing for employment in the local labor market and may include writing resumes and receiving instruction in interviewing skills.
(7) Other employment-related activities: A component composed of other activities related to employment, including:
(a) Participation in a program of the Workforce Investment Act;
(b) A program authorized by section 236 of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2296)
(c) Sheltered work or supported work: A component that gives clients intensive staff support, skill training, intervention and counseling that will enable them to function independently at work.
(d) Vocational training: A component designed to provide classroom training in vocational and technical skills or equivalent knowledge and abilities in a specific job area. Examples are Project Independence, Women in Transition, and Nurses Aid certification.
(e) Work search agreement: See case plan in section (3) of this rule.
Stat. Auth.: ORS 411.816
Stats. Implemented: ORS 411.816
Hist.: SSP 15-2006, f. 12-29-06, cert. ef. 1-1-07
Definitions of Terms, Components, and Activities; JOBS, Pre-TANF, Post-TANF, TANF
In the JOBS, Pre-TANF, Post-TANF, and TANF programs, the following definitions apply to rules in Chapter 461 unless the context indicates otherwise.
(1) Activity: An action or set of actions to be taken by the client, as specified in the case plan. An activity is intended to reduce barriers and:
(a) Increase the likelihood of self sufficiency, employment, job retention, wage enhancement, and financial independence; or
(b) Promote family stability (see OAR 461-001-0000).
(2) Adult Basic Education (ABE): An activity in the basic education component that involves remedial education coursework intended to ensure functional literacy.
(3) Assessment: An activity of the program entry component that involves gathering information to identify the strengths, interests, family circumstances, status in the JOBS program, and vocational aptitudes and preferences of the client and to mutually determine an employment goal, the level of participation of the client in the JOBS program, and which support services are needed. This activity includes providing screenings and evaluations (if appropriate) to determine the level of participation, accommodation, and modification for the client in the JOBS program. The screenings include, but are not limited to, physical and mental health needs, substance abuse, domestic violence, and learning needs.
(4) Barrier: A personal condition or circumstance that reduces the likelihood the client will become employed or the client's ability to participate in an activity listed in the case plan.
(5) Basic education: A component of non-core activities intended to ensure functional literacy for all JOBS clients. Basic education activities are high school attendance, English as a second language (ESL) instruction, job skills training, adult basic education (ABE) instruction, and services that result in obtaining a general equivalency diploma (GED). The component is discussed in OAR 461-190-0171 and 461-190-0181.
(6) Case plan (formerly also known as an employment development plan (EDP), a personal plan, or personal development plan): A written outline, developed in partnership by the client and case manager, with input from partners as appropriate, listing activities and goals for the client. The case plan also identifies the support service payments, accommodations, and modifications to help the client complete the plan. The DHS 1543 — Domestic Violence Assistance Agreement — is the case plan for clients with safety concerns about domestic violence.
(7) Community Service Program: An activity in the unpaid employment component in which the client works without pay at a job site to enhance the likelihood the client will become employed and perform work for the direct benefit of the community. This activity is available through nonprofit organizations or public agencies.
(8) Component: A set of one or more activities of the JOBS program. Components of the JOBS program are paid unsubsidized employment, paid subsidized employment, unpaid employment, vocational training, job search and readiness, and basic education activities.
(9) Core activities: Federally-defined countable work activities that include: paid unsubsidized employment; paid subsidized employment; work experience; on-the-job training; job search and readiness; community service programs; vocational training; and providing child care assistance to a community service program participant.
(10) Crisis intervention: Short-term services to address an immediate crisis need.
(11) Degree Completion Initiative (DCI): An activity in which a limited number of TANF recipients may participate for up to 12 months to complete an educational degree at a two- or four-year educational institution.
(12) Drug and alcohol services: An activity in the job search and readiness component that provides substance abuse screenings and evaluations, outpatient or resident treatment, and support groups such as AA or NA.
(13) Employer contact: A client communication with an employer or employer's representative through a visit, phone call, or mail to request consideration for employment.
(14) English as a second language (ESL): An activity in the basic education component. ESL classes are designed to give clients with limited English proficiency better working skills in the language.
(15) Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA): Applies to subject employers with clients working in the unpaid employment component. FLSA requires that clients engaged in unpaid employment, in effect, may not "work off" their SNAP and TANF benefits at an hourly rate less than the state minimum wage.
(16) Federally required participation rates: The participation rates required by section 407 of the Social Security Act (42 USC 607).
(17) High School or GED Completion Attendance: An activity in the basic education component that involves attendance at a secondary school or in a course of study that leads to the completion of the GED.
(18) Job search: An activity in the job search and readiness component that focuses on clients looking for and obtaining employment. It is designed to improve skills in locating and competing for employment in the local labor market and may include writing resumes, receiving instruction in interviewing skills, and participating in group and individual job search. There are two categories of job search: initial job search and regular job search. Initial job search may occur during the Pre-TANF program. Regular job search begins not later than the day after the Department finds the client eligible for TANF benefits.
(19) Job search and readiness: A component designed to prepare clients to compete in the local labor market. Job search, life skills, drug and alcohol services, mental health services, and rehabilitation activities are the activities of the job search and readiness component.
(20) Job skills training: An activity in the basic education component designed to provide classroom training in vocational and technical skills or equivalent knowledge and abilities in a specific job area.
(21) JOBS Plus program (JOBS Plus): An activity in the paid subsidized employment component that provides TANF clients with on-the-job training and pays their benefits as wages (see OAR 461-190-0401 to 461-190-0426).
(22) Life skills: An activity of the job search and readiness component. The activity develops employment-preparation skills and skills and attitudes that are commonly found in the workplace.
(23) Mental health services: An activity in the job search and readiness component that provides mental health screenings and assessments, counseling, medication management, and support groups.
(24) Microenterprise: An activity in the paid unsubsidized employment component in which the client is self-employed in a sole proprietorship, partnership, or family business that has fewer than five employees and has capital needs no greater than $35,000.
(25) Non-core activities: Federally-defined countable work activities that include: job skills training directly related to employment; education directly related to employment; and satisfactory school attendance at a secondary level or leading to a GED.
(26) On-the-job training (OJT): An activity in the paid subsidized employment component in which a client works for an employer for a contracted period. The employer trains the client and is reimbursed by the Department, usually at 50 percent of the wages of the participant, for those training costs.
(27) Paid subsidized employment: A component in which clients are employed in a subsidized public or private sector job. JOBS Plus, work supplementation, and on-the-job training are the activities in the paid subsidized employment component.
(28) Paid unsubsidized employment: A component in which clients are employed full- or part-time in an unsubsidized job and receiving TANF benefits. Unsubsidized employment is a job that is not subsidized by TANF or any other public program. The UN work program and microenterprise are the activities in the paid unsubsidized employment component.
(29) Parents as Scholars (PAS): A JOBS program component that assists TANF parents who are or will be undergraduates to begin or continue their education at a two- or four-year educational institution (see OAR 461-190-0199).
(30) Program entry: An activity that includes all the activities that prepare a client to actively participate in the JOBS program. Program entry activities include assessment and writing the initial case plan.
(31) Progress (good or satisfactory): For federal reporting purposes, a client participating in an education or training activity makes good progress or satisfactory progress by receiving a passing grade or progressing toward completion of high school or GED completion at no less than the normal rate of a half-time student.
(32) Providing child care services to a Community Service Program participant: An activity in the unpaid employment component.
(33) Rehabilitation activities: An activity in the job search and readiness component that provides medical or therapeutic screenings, assessments, and treatment. This activity also includes medical management and support groups.
(34) Self-Initiated Training (SI): A JOBS program component that is short-term training needed to be competitive in the job market. This also allows a participant to continue an approved Vocational Training for up to 6 months.
(35) Supported work: An activity in the unpaid employment component that gives clients intensive staff support, skill training, intervention, and counseling that will enable them to function independently at work.
(36) Stabilization, intervention, and other activities: A group of activities that are non-countable for federal participation purposes. These activities include child health and development, crisis intervention (see section (10) of this rule), domestic violence services, family stability activities (see OAR 461-001-0000), medical services, retention services, services to child welfare families, social security application, and stabilized living services.
(37) Support services: Services that case-managed clients need to participate successfully in activities outlined in their case plan, seek and maintain employment, or remove barriers.
(38) Teen parent: A parent (see OAR 461-001-0000) under 20 years of age who has not completed a high school diploma or GED.
(39) Transition services: Services included in a client's case plan when the client becomes employed or becomes ineligible for cash benefits because of an increase in income or resources.
(40) Unpaid employment: A component in which a client is placed in an unpaid job to develop good work habits, training, and knowledge to obtain employment. Employment may be in the private or public sector or through a work simulation program. Work experience, Community Service Program, providing child care services to a Community Service Program participant, and supported work are the activities of the unpaid employment component.
(41) UN work program: An activity in the paid unsubsidized employment component in which TANF clients work in unsubsidized employment and may also participate in another JOBS work site training activity.
(42) Vocational Training: An activity and component of the JOBS program that provides JOBS participants with access to specific vocational training that will lead to a career with an appropriate wage level and opportunity for employment.
(43) Work experience: An activity in the unpaid employment component in which the client works without pay at a job site to develop good work habits and basic vocational skills that enhance the likelihood the client will become employed. Work experience is available through private for-profit businesses, nonprofit organizations, or public agencies.
(44) Work supplementation: An activity in the unpaid employment component. Up to six months of work-site training provided by an employer. The component and activity are both called work supplementation. In work supplementation, the Department subsidizes the wages of the participant by providing up to $200 per month to the employer.
Stat. Auth.: ORS 411.060, 412.006, 412.009,
412.016, 412.049, 2011 Or. Laws 604
Stats. Implemented: ORS 411.060, 412.001, 412.006, 412.016, 412.009, 412.049, 2011 Or. Laws 604
Hist.: AFS 80-1989, f. 12-21-89, cert. ef. 2-1-90; AFS 23-1990, f. 9-28-90, cert. ef. 10-1-90; AFS 30-1990, f. 12-31-90, cert. ef. 1-1-91; AFS 9-1991, f. 3-29-91, cert. ef. 4-1-91; AFS 10-1991, f. & cert. ef. 4-19-91; AFS 13-1991, f. & cert. ef. 7-1-91; AFS 2-1992, f. 1-30-92, cert. ef. 2-1-92; AFS 17-1992, f. & cert. ef. 7-1-92; AFS 5-1993, f. & cert. ef. 4-1-93; AFS 19-1993, f. & cert. ef. 10-1-93; AFS 13-1994, f. & cert. ef. 7-1-94; AFS 23-1994, f. 9-29-94, cert. ef. 10-1-94; AFS13-1995, f. 6-29-95, cert. ef. 7-1-95; AFS 22-1995, f. 9-20-95, cert. ef. 10-1-95; AFS 40-1995, f. 12-26-95, cert. ef. 1-1-96; AFS 27-1996, f. 6-27-96, cert. ef. 7-1-96; AFS 18-1998, f. & cert. ef. 10-2-98; SSP 33-2003, f. 12-31-03, cert. ef. 1-4-04; Renumbered from 461-190-0110, SSP 15-2006, f. 12-29-06, cert. ef. 1-1-07; SSP 11-2007(Temp), f. & cert. ef. 10-1-07 thru 3-29-08; SSP 5-2008, f. 2-29-08, cert. ef. 3-1-08; SSP 26-2008, f. 12-31-08, cert. ef. 1-1-09; SSP 18-2011(Temp), f. & cert. ef. 7-1-11 thru 12-28-11; SSP 34-2011, f. 12-27-11, cert. ef. 12-29-11; SSP 18-2015(Temp), f. 6-30-15, cert. ef. 7-1-15 thru 12-27-15
Definitions; OSIP, OSIPM Long-Term Care or Home and Community-Based Care
These terms apply to rules in Chapter 461 about OSIP and OSIPM long-term care and home and community-based care clients:
(1) Community spouse: An individual who is legally married (see OAR 461-001-0000) to an institutionalized spouse and is not in a medical institution or nursing facility.
(2) Continuous period of care: Reside for a period of at least 30 consecutive days or until death in a long term care facility, home and community-based care setting, or an acute care hospital. There must be sufficient evidence to show there is a reasonable expectation that the client will remain in care for at least 30 consecutive days. For the purposes of this policy, an interruption in care (for example, leaving and then returning to a nursing home, or switching from one type of care to another) that lasts less than 30 days is not considered a break in the 30 consecutive days of care. A new period of care begins if care is interrupted for 30 or more days.
(3) Eligible dependent:
(a) For cases with a community spouse:
(A) An "eligible dependent" is the child of the institutionalized spouse or community spouse and must also be either a minor (under the age of 21) or 21 or older but still a dependent.
(B) A grandchild of the institutionalized spouse or community spouse is not considered an "eligible dependent".
(C) An "eligible dependent" is a dependent parent or sibling of the institutionalized spouse or community spouse who is residing with the community spouse and claimed as a tax dependent by either spouse.
(b) For cases without a community spouse, an "eligible dependent" is a minor (under the age of 21) or dependent child residing with and claimed as a tax dependent by the client.
(4) Home and community-based care: Title XIX services needed to keep an individual out of a long-term care facility. These services are:
(a) In-home services except for state plan personal care services.
(b) Residential care facility services.
(c) Assisted living facility services.
(d) Adult foster care services.
(e) Home adaptations to accommodate a client's physical condition.
(f) Home-delivered meals provided in conjunction with in-home services.
(g) Specialized living facility services.
(h) Adult day care services.
(i) Community transition services.
(5) Home and community-based care client: A client receiving home and community-based care for a continuous period.
(6) Institutionalized spouse: An individual who is in long-term care or receiving home and community-based care for a continuous period and is married to a community spouse.
Stat. Auth.: ORS 411.060
Stats. Implemented: ORS 411.060, 411.700
Hist.: AFS 80-1989, f. 12-21-89, cert. ef. 2-1-90; AFS 13-1991, f. & cert. ef. 7-1-91; AFS 2-1992, f. 1-30-92, cert. ef. 2-1-92; AFS 6-1994, f. & cert. ef. 4-1-94; AFS 29-1994, f. 12-29-94, cert. ef. 1-1-95; AFS 23-1995, f. 9-20-95, cert. ef. 10-1-95; AFS 3-2000, f. 1-31-00, cert. ef. 2-1-00; AFS 5-2002, f. & cert. ef. 4-1-02; SSP 8-2004, f. & cert. ef. 4-1-04; SSP 4-2005, f. & cert. ef. 4-1-05; Renumbered from 461-160-0560, SSP 15-2006, f. 12-29-06, cert. ef. 1-1-07; SSP 4-2007, f. 3-30-07, cert. ef. 4-1-07; SSP 13-2009, f. & cert. ef. 7-1-09; SSP 17-2013(Temp), f. & cert. ef. 7-1-13 thru 12-28-13; SSP 26-2013, f. & cert. ef. 10-1-13; SSP 37-2013, f. 12-31-13, cert. ef. 1-1-14
Definitions; OSIP-EPD and OSIPM-EPD
The following definitions apply to the rules of the OSIP-EPD and OSIPM-EPD programs in Chapter 461:
(1) "Approved account" refers to a segregated account in a financial institution, the purpose of which is to save to use for future disability-related expenses that would increase the individual's independence and employment potential. Also included in this definition are accounts regulated by the Internal Revenue Code and used for retirement planning, such as IRAs, 401(k)s, TSAs, and KEOGHs.
(2) "Blind work expenses" (BWE) refer to those costs defined by SSA that can be used as reductions to earned income as defined in 20 CFR 416.1112(c)(8).
(3) "Disabled" or "has a disability" refers to having a physical or mental impairment, or a combination of these impairments, that meets the definition of disability used by SSA when determining eligibility for Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) as defined in 20 CFR Part 404.
(4) "Disability determination" refers to the process used to establish whether the individual's disability meets the definitions used by SSA in determining eligibility for SSI and SSDI.
(5) "Employment" refers to an ongoing work activity for which a client provides the Department with one of the following:
(a) Tax payments or filing for Federal Insurance Contribution Act (FICA).
(b) Tax payments or filing for Self-Employment Contributions Act (SECA).
(c) Clear and convincing evidence of self-employment.
(6) "Employment and independence expense" (EIE) refers to the cost of any expense that can be reasonably expected to enhance the independence and employment potential of the individual.
(7) "Impairment related work expenses" (IRWE) refer to those costs defined by SSA that can be used as reductions to earned income. To be allowed, the item or service must be related to the impairment and necessary to enable the individual to perform the individual's job as defined in 20 CFR 416.976.
(8) "Participant fee" refers to the monthly payment that clients in the OSIP-EPD and OSIPM-EPD programs must make in order to be eligible for the OSIP-EPD and OSIPM-EPD programs (see OAR 461-160-0800).
(9) "Past relevant work" (PRW) refers to work done within the past 15 years, that was substantial gainful activity, and that lasted long enough for the worker to learn how to do it.
(10) "Substantial gainful activity" (SGA) refers to the term used by SSA to describe a level of work activity and earnings. In the OSIP-EPD or OSIPM-EPD programs, an individual is engaging in SGA if the earnings of the individual are at or above the OSIP-EPD or OSIPM-EPD income standard.
Stat. Auth.: ORS 411.060, 411.070, 414.042
Stats. Implemented: ORS 411.060, 411.070, 414.042
Hist.: AFS 1-1999(Temp), f. & cert. ef. 2-1-99 thru 7-31-999; AFS 7-1999, f. 4-27-99, cert. ef. 5-1-99; AFS 22-2002, f. 12-31-02, cert. ef. 1-1-03; SSP 10-2003(Temp) f. & cert. ef. 5-1-03 thru 9-30-03; SSP 17-2003, f. & cert. ef. 7-1-03; SSP 14-2005, f. 9-30-05, cert. ef. 10-1-05; Renumbered from 461-110-0115, SSP 15-2006, f. 12-29-06, cert. ef. 1-1-07; SSP 14-2007, f. 12-31-07, cert. ef. 1-1-08; SSP 23-2008, f. & cert. ef. 10-1-08
Oregon State Archives • 800 Summer St. NE • Salem, OR 97310