Definition of "Wild Birds" and "Wild Mammals"
This rule governs all Commission Rules using the terms "wild birds" or "wild mammals," pursuant to SB 804, (Oregon Laws 2007). The purpose of this rule is to clarify the scope of the term "wildlife," which according to statute includes (among other things) "wild mammals" and "wild birds." "Wildlife" is the term used in many statutes describing the regulatory authority of the Fish and Wildlife Commission. The intent of this rule is to include as "wild mammals" and "wild birds" all species which, if viewed globally, typically exist in a wild state. Note that other statutes governing the authority of other agencies may use terms that (in some circumstances) may overlap with the Commission's authority over "wildlife." For example, the Department of Agriculture has the authority to regulate the private holding of "exotic" animals, some of which otherwise qualify as "wildlife" (and which the Commission otherwise is in charge of regulating). Therefore, the reader is cautioned to note distinctions in how Oregon law uses different terms regarding wild animals.
(1) "Wild mammals" means all mammals except:
(a) Alpaca, Guanaco, Llama — Lama glama.
(b) Ass, Burro, Donkey — Equus asinus.
(c) Bison — Bison bison.
(d) Camel — Camelus bactrianus and C. dromedarius.
(e) Cat (all domestic breeds) — Felis catus.
(f) Cattle and Yak — Bos species.
(g) Chinchilla — Chinchilla laniger.
(h) Dog (all domestic breeds) — Canis familiaris.
(i) European Rabbit — Oryctolagus cuniculus.
(j) Ferret (European polecat) — Mustela putorius.
(k) Gerbil (Mongolian Jird) — Meriones unguiculatus.
(l) Goat — Capra hircus.
(m) Guinea pig — Cavia porcellus.
(n) Common Hamster — Cricetus cricetus.
(o) Horse — Equus caballus.
(p) Mouse (House mouse) — Mus musculus.
(q) Mule and Hinny — Equus asinus x E. caballus.
(r) Rat — Rattus norvegicus and R. rattus.
(s) Sheep — Ovis aries and hybrids of O. aries with O. aires orientalis, hybrids of O. aries with Ammotragus lervia, and hybrids of O. aries with Pseudois nayaur.
(t) Swine — Sus scrofa domestica (includes pot-bellied pigs)
(u) Vicuña — Vicugna vicugna.
(2) "Wild birds" means all birds except:
(a) Cassowary Casuarius species;
(b) Chicken Gallus gallus;
(c) Ducks and Geese (morphologically distinct from wild waterfowl; except (Egyptian geese and Mute swans);
(d) Emu — Dromaius novaehollandiae;
(e) Guinea fowl — Numida meleagris;
(f) Ostrich — Struthio camelus;
(g) Parrots, Parakeets, Lories, and Cockatoos Psittaciformes (All species);
(h) Peafowl — Pavo cristatus;
(i) Pigeon or Rock dove — Columba livia;
(j) Rhea — Rhea americana and R. pennata;
(k) Turkey (morphologically distinct from wild turkey) — Meleagris gallopavo.
Stat. Auth.: ORS: 496.004, 496.012, 496.138, 496.146, 496.162
Stats Implemented: ORS 496.004(19), 496.004; 496.012, 496.138, 496.146, 496.162, SB 804 (OL 2007, ch. 523)
Hist.: DFW 122-2007, f. & cert. ef. 11-19-07; DFW 15-2011, f. & cert. ef. 2-15-11